microtubule

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microtubule

 [mi″kro-tu´būl]
any of the slender, tubular structures, composed chiefly of tubulin, found in the cytoplasmic ground substance of nearly all cells; they are involved in maintenance of cell shape and in the movements of organelles and inclusions, and form the spindle fibers of mitosis.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

mi·cro·tu·bule

(mī'krō-tū'byūl),
A hollow, cylindric cytoplasmic element, 25 nm in diameter and of variable length, that occurs widely in the cytoskeleton, cilia, and flagella of cells; microtubules play a role in the maintenance of cell shape and increase in number during mitosis and meiosis, in which they are related to movement of the chromosomes by the nuclear spindle.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

microtubule

(mī′krō-to͞o′byo͞ol, -tyo͞o-)
n.
Any of the cylindrical hollow tubulin-containing structures that are found in the cytoplasm, cilia, and flagella of eukaryotic cells and are involved in determining cell shape and structure and directing the movement of organelles and chromosomes. Microtubules, along with microfilaments and intermediate filaments, make up a cell's cytoskeleton.

mi′cro·tu′bu·lar adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

microtubule

A cylindrical tube measuring 20–25 nm in diameter, composed of protofilaments which are in turn composed of alpha- and beta-tubulin polymers. Each microtubule is polarised: at one end (the negative (-) end), alpha-subunits are exposed; at the other end (the positive (+) end), beta-subunits are exposed. Microtubules act as a scaffolding to determine cell shape, and provide a matrix on which cell organelles and vesicles move, a process requiring motor proteins, including kinesin (which moves towards the (+) end of the microtubule) and dynein (which generally moves towards the (-) end). Microtubules also form the spindle fibres for separating chromosomes during mitosis.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

mi·cro·tu·bule

(mī'krō-tū'byūl)
A cylindric cytoplasmic element that occurs widely in the cytoskeleton of plant and animal cells; microtubules increase in number during mitosis and meiosis, where they may be related to movement of the chromosomes or chromatids on the nuclear spindle during nuclear division.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

microtubule

or

neurotubule

a hollow filament about 20–25 nm in diameter found in EUKARYOTE cells, composed of ACTIN-like protein called tubulin. Microtubules are thought to make up the CYTOSKELETON of the cell, the spindle fibres of MEIOSIS and MITOSIS, (See also COLCHICINE and, in some cells of plants and animals, form the 9 + 2 structure of the CILIUM and FLAGELLUM.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

mi·cro·tu·bule

(mī'krō-tū'byūl)
A cylindric cytoplasmic element that occurs widely in the cytoskeleton of plant and animal cells; microtubules increase in number during mitosis and meiosis.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
In other studies of boundary layer rolls over stable sea surface the formation mechanism has been attributed to dynamic instability.
The approximation equation of the boundary of dynamic instability zone is
Let the diagonal elements in (31) be zero, and then the approximate expression of the boundary of the dynamic instability zone can be obtained.
Let the diagonal elements of (32) be zero, and the approximate dynamic instability zone boundary can be obtained:
Curcumin suppresses the dynamic instability of microtubules, activates the mitotic checkpoint and induces apoptosis in MCF-7 cells.
The concepts of equilibrium, disequilibrium, dynamic instability and ergodicity, structural instability, and rationality and causality are accentuated.
Fictitious inertia values were added on the tip region of the two wings to facilitate the dynamic instability and to overcome the effects of the boundary conditions at the root section of the wing models (the root section was assumed to be clamped for the wings).
From a practical point of view a dynamic instability condition exists if the parameter [zeta] reaches a negative value corresponding to a monotonic growth of the amplitude of the wing structure oscillations.
Olsson, "Dynamic instability of a rotating asymmetric shaft with internal viscous damping supported in anisotropic bearings," Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol.
Hochard, "Dynamic instability of supercritical driveshafts mounted on dissipative supports-effects of viscous and hysteretic internal damping," Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol.
In general, the experimental results in Section 3 reveal two apparent reasons causing the dynamic instability of layer-crack structure, that is, the nonuniform deformation and the asymmetric load of supporting bodies.
When the supporting body A reaches its limit bearing capacity, dynamic instability of the whole layer-crack structure will occur under the influence of disturbance stress, as shown in Figure 10(c).

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