6, when the network traffic is high, fixed duty cycle
and higher collision of SMAC protocol result in higher data delay.
This kind of analysis focuses more on general engine health, system monitoring parameters and duty cycle
behavior rather than focusing on a specific system.
This plot indicates that the average current and the dither amplitude are restricted in the conventional PWM method because it varies the duty cycle
only at a fixed frequency.
Caption: FIGURE 2: [P.sub.j]/[P.sub.c] versus BER: performance degradation with increase in duty cycle
(DC) of jamming signal, SF = 50, SNR = 20 dB, and User = 2.
To investigate the changes on the DC output voltages and ripple, the frequency was swept from 50 kHz to 300 kHz at a fixed duty cycle
of 40%, and the output was probed.
In this paper, we propose an improved elite immune evolutionary algorithm (IEIEA), which is a modification of EA, for energy-efficient duty cycle
design in wireless sensor networks.
The temperature of a trace at any duty cycle
seems to be independent of frequency (at least at frequencies below where the skin effect comes into play).
The region of high axial velocity is larger for the low duty cycle
cases, because of the reduction in the core thickness.
Some interesting work of using duty cycle
to develop energy rating based on ISO 4409-2007 for hydraulic pump can be found in .
The duty cycle
perturbation step size decreases as the load current versus duty cycle
curve slope decreases.
The deviation in the current during the transition is caused by the change in the converter steady-state conditions and the sensitivity of the inductor current to duty cycle
perturbations, as presented in .
The proposed protocol operates under the time division multiple access (TDMA) principle using a variable duty cycle
enabling both power saving and the synchronization of the various entities through a well-defined and limited set of primitives.