In their experiments the HSMM consistently outperformed the HMM, showing that accurate duration modeling can result in a significant increase in recognition performance.
The AHMM-CTP can be simply regarded as the SMDM without duration modeling.
Table 2 presents the results from the duration modeling for female cases and controls.
Table 4 presents duration modeling results for male cases and controls.
Kokkinakis, "A CART approach for duration modeling of Greek phonemes", in Proc.
Kokkinakis, "Improving phone duration modeling using support vector regression fusion", Speech Communication, vol.
Following Genc's (2004) duration modeling for introductory econometrics, an example problem is worked out using Microsoft Excel; a software program accessible to entrepreneurial students and music industry practitioners.
Duration Modeling in Undergraduate Econometrics Curriculum via Excel.
Using a duration modeling
approach based on Butler, Anderson, and Burkhauser (1989), which is based upon Heckman and Singer (1984), to deal with unobserved heterogeneity reveals that indeed unobserved heterogeneity is likely a concern, as suspected previously.
There is a long econometric literature on duration modeling
, which presents us with various modeling options.
New intonation and duration modeling
in Aculab TTS takes into account the structure of the words and phrases to be spoken and gives the appropriate emphasis, producing intelligible natural rhythmic speech.
The next section of this paper describes duration modeling