Drought

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A period of soil moisture that is inadequate for the needs of crops, animals and human beings
References in classic literature ?
1830 is called the "gran seco," or the great drought. During this time so little rain fell, that the vegetation, even to the thistles, failed; the brooks were dried up, and the whole country assumed the appearance of a dusty high road.
Subsequently to the drought of 1827 to 1832, a very rainy season followed which caused great floods.
274) there is a curious account of the effects of a drought on the elephants, at Benguela (west coast of Africa).
Record-setting droughts are in the forecast for the central and southwestern United States, a study comparing past and predicted drought conditions shows.
Thanks to increased global warming and climate change, droughts are predicted to happen far more often than before, affecting not just agriculture but all the nations that rely on it.
The seasonal forecast information, provided by the system, would help in the identification of forthcoming droughts and planning short- and long-term mitigation measures.
It will enable the state to better manage critical droughts. The approved amendment to the Water Act (No.
But during droughts, trees close their stomata to conserve water, and this causes the canopy surface to get warmer.
"In a very real sense, the El Nino and climate events of 1876-78 helped create the global inequalities that later would be characterized as 'first' and third' worlds," writes Singh, who was inspired by Late Victorian Holocausts: El Nino Famines and the Making of the Third World (2000), a book that details the social impact of the Great Drought and subsequent droughts in 1896-97 and 1899-1902.
The report enumerates the socioeconomic impacts of drought. 'Droughts not only exacerbate poverty, inequality and food insecurity, they also heighten the risk of conflict.
Droughts can also be particularly damaging in countries where many people rely on agriculture for primary employment.
Their finding was that isoprene concentrations did not substantially change during early droughts, but decreased by more than 50% during the most severe droughts.