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Any of various small fruit flies of the genus Drosophila, especially D. melanogaster, used extensively in genetic research.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


A small fly of the genus Drosophila , especially the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster which has been used for many years in genetic research mainly because of its four conspicuous chromosomes and relatively few and obvious characteristics.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005



fruit fly

any small dipterous fly (see DIPTERAN of the genus Drosophila, which has been used extensively in genetical investigations. D. melanogaster is probably the best-understood animal in terms of inheritance studies.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Rothenfluh, "Dopaminergic rules of engagement for memory in Drosophila," Current Opinion in Neurobiology, vol.
Marion-Poll, "Drosophila bitter taste(s)," Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, vol.
The team carefully mutated the MARK3 gene in Drosophila flies and noticed shrinking of the insects' eyeballs, confirming the hypothesis.
Following the work of Dos Santos et al ., who used the Drosophila actin promoter to drive rabies G protein expression in S2 cells,[47] we constructed a B1 promoter to successfully drive rabies G protein production in a mosquito cell line [Figure 2]d.
In all animals including Drosophila, the flow of information in the nervous system is through the changes in the resting membrane potential created across the neuronal membranes through ion channels.
In Drosophila, cuticular hydrocarbons (CHC) have multiple biological roles, especially those related with chemical communication and different behaviors.
(1994) reported that the ecological niches of Drosophila species are closely associated with their alcohol tolerance and ADH activity.
Living flies in the traps were captured with an entomological aspirator and placed in a tube with standard Drosophila culture media.
Toxicity of Particles in Drosophila. The different concentrations of nano- and microparticles of Cu and Ni used in the genotoxicity experiments with D.