droplet precautions

Droplet Precautions

guidelines recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for reducing the risk of droplet transmission of infectious agents. Droplet transmission involves contact of the conjunctivae or the mucous membranes of the nose or mouth of a susceptible person with large-particle droplets (larger than 5 μm in size) containing microorganisms generated from a person who has a clinical disease or is a carrier of the disease. Droplets are generated from the source person primarily during coughing, sneezing, talking, and performance of certain procedures such as suctioning and bronchoscopy. Transmission of large-particle droplets requires close contact between source and recipient persons because droplets do not remain suspended in the air and generally travel only short distances (usually 3 feet or less). Special air handling and ventilation are not required to prevent droplet transmission because droplets do not remain suspended in the air. Droplet Precautions apply to any patient known or suspected to be infected with epidemiologically important pathogens that can be transmitted by infectious droplets. See also Standard Precautions, transmission-based precautions.

drop·let pre·cau·tions

(drop'lĕt prĕ-kaw'shŭnz)
Procedures that reduce the risk of droplet-borne infections. Transmission through droplets occurs when the droplets contact the conjunctivae or the nasal or oral mucous membranes of a susceptible patient. Droplets do not usually travel more than 3 feet. Masks as well as standard precautions must be used when in the infected patient's room.
See: standard precautions, Universal Precautions
References in periodicals archive ?
We wanted to create resources for health care professionals that were easy to use, easy to read and served as a good reminder [on the proper use of procedure masks for droplet precautions and respirators for airborne precautions]," Buford said.
The facility cancelled group activities, initiated droplet precautions, and stopped accepting admissions.
Droplet precautions should be added to the standard precautions when providing care to patients with symptoms of acute respiratory infections; contact precautions and eye protection should be added when caring for probable or confirmed cases of MERS-CoV infection; airborne precautions should be applied when performing aerosol generating procedures.
Patients are placed on respiratory droplet precautions, patency of airway are assessed by physician frequently.
Therefore, implementation of standard, contact, and droplet precautions (10) could reduce NiV transmission in hospitals.
If a patient who meets the criteria listed above, place the patient in a private room and follow Standard, Contact and Droplet Precautions.
The Association of periOperative Registered Nurses (AORN) recommends that airborne precautions be taken when caring for an Ebola patient in the surgical setting in addition to standard, contact, and droplet precautions.
It also said droplet precautions should be added to the standard precautions when providing care to all patients with symptoms of acute respiratory infection.
Surveillance should be implemented to identify new cases and standard and droplet precautions should be instituted without delay.
Droplet precautions should be implemented for patients with suspected or confirmed influenza for 7 days after illness onset or until 24 hours after the resolution of fever and respiratory symptoms, whichever is longer, while a patient is in a healthcare facility.
Droplet precautions for protection against respiratory pathogens transmitted by large droplets:
Patients with suspected influenza who have been exposed to poultry with previous HSN1 infection should be tested for H5N1, placed on droplet precautions, and treated with oseltamivir as well as antibacterials.