In addition to standard precautions, other infection control interventions were implemented at the nursing home, including instituting contact and droplet precautions
with either use of single rooms or cohorting cases for 10 days ([approximately equal to] 2 incubation periods); suspending new admissions; restricting visitation; canceling group activities, including serving meals in the dining hall; intensifying hand hygiene and environmental cleaning; and extensive education for facility staff.
Louisiana Department of Health recommended that the facility, in addition to the standard and contact precautions already in place, implement droplet precautions
; restrict visitation from sick persons and children aged <12 years; that visitors, including family members, wear facemasks when entering patient rooms; and that the facility increase hand hygiene stations, enhance environmental cleaning, and designate certain staff members to care for RSV patients.
Additionally, more isolation gowns are typically indicated to protect from blood and bodily fluids (droplet precautions
) in the case of pandemic flu.
"We wanted to create resources for health care professionals that were easy to use, easy to read and served as a good reminder [on the proper use of procedure masks for droplet precautions
and respirators for airborne precautions]," Buford said.
The three types of isolation precautions are airborne, contact, and droplet precautions
should be added to the standard precautions when providing care to patients with symptoms of acute respiratory infections; contact precautions and eye protection should be added when caring for probable or confirmed cases of MERS-CoV infection; airborne precautions should be applied when performing aerosol generating procedures.
Patients are placed on respiratory droplet precautions
, patency of airway are assessed by physician frequently.
Treatment of Ebola is supportive care and isolation (standard, contact, and droplet precautions
If a patient who meets the criteria listed above, place the patient in a private room and follow Standard, Contact and Droplet Precautions
. This means that a gown, gloves (2 pair), face mask and a face shield (eye glasses are not considered eye protection) are required during the screening phase.
It also said droplet precautions
should be added to the standard precautions when providing care to all patients with symptoms of acute respiratory infection.
Surveillance should be implemented to identify new cases and standard and droplet precautions
should be instituted without delay.
should be implemented for patients with suspected or confirmed influenza for 7 days after illness onset or until 24 hours after the resolution of fever and respiratory symptoms, whichever is longer, while a patient is in a healthcare facility.