Drinker respirator


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respirator

 [res´pĭ-ra″tor]
1. an apparatus that qualifies air breathed through it, to be distinguished from a ventilator.
2. frequently used misnomer for ventilator (def. 2).
Drinker respirator a formerly common but now rarely used type of ventilator that provides controlled, automatic breathing for a patient whose respiratory muscles are paralyzed; it consists of a metal tank, enclosing the patient's body with the head outside, within which artificial respiration is maintained by alternating negative and positive pressure. It was instrumental in the treatment of the poliomyelitis epidemic of the early decades of the 20th century. Popularly known as iron lung.

Drin·ker res·pi·ra·tor

(drink'ĕr),
a mechanical respirator in which the body (except the head) is encased within a metal tank, which is sealed at the neck with an airtight gasket; artificial respiration is induced by making the air pressure inside negative.

Drin·ker res·pi·ra·tor

(dringk'ĕr res'pir-ā'tŏr)
A mechanical ventilator in which the body except the head is encased within a metal tank, which is sealed at the neck with an airtight gasket; artificial ventilation is induced by making the air pressure inside the tank alternately negative and positive.
Synonym(s): iron lung.

Drinker,

Philip, U.S. industrial hygienist, 1894-1972.
Drinker respirator - a mechanical respirator in which the body below the head is encased within a metal tank, which is sealed at the neck with an airtight gasket. Synonym(s): iron lung; tank respirator