genome

(redirected from Draft sequence)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

genome

 [je´nōm]
the complete set of genes, hereditary factors contained in the haploid set of chromosomes; the human genome has an estimated 30,000 to 40,000 genes. adj., adj genom´ic.

ge·nome

(je'nōm, -nom),
1. A complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent, the haploid number of a gamete.
See also: Human Genome Project.
2. The total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms (the haploid set in a eukaryotic cell), or the functionally similar but simpler linear arrangements found in bacteria and viruses.
See also: Human Genome Project.
[gene + -ome, suffix denoting a defined system or microcosm, fr. G. -ōma, noun suffix]

genome

/ge·nome/ (je´nōm) the complete set of hereditary factors contained in the haploid set of chromosomes.genom´ic

genome

(jē′nōm′)
n.
1. The total genetic content contained in a haploid set of chromosomes in eukaryotes, in a single chromosome in bacteria or archaea, or in the DNA or RNA of viruses.
2. An organism's genetic material.

ge·no′mic (-nō′mĭk) adj.

genome

[jē′nōm]
Etymology: Gk, genein, to produce
the complete set of genes in the chromosomes of each cell of a specific organism. genomic, adj.

genome

Genetic structure Genetics All the genetic information in an organism's chromosomes and mitochondria; its size is given in base pairs. See Base pair, Chromosome, Mitochondrial genome, Nuclear genome.

ge·nome

(jē'nōm)
1. A complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent, the haploid number of a gamete.
2. The total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms (the haploid set in a eukaryotic cell), or the functionally similar but simpler linear arrangements found in bacteria and viruses.
See also: Human Genome Project
[G. genos, birth + (chromos) ome]

genome

The complete set of CHROMOSOMES, together with the MITOCHONDRIAL DNA, containing the entire genetic material of the cell.

genome

the complete complement of genetic material in a cell, or carried by an individual.

Genome

The genetic makeup of a cell, composed of DNA.
Mentioned in: Malignant Melanoma

genome

total gene complement of a set of chromosomes

genome

The complete set of genes in an individual. In humans it is estimated at approximately 30 000 genes and over three billion base pairs (two nucleotides joined together across a double helix) of DNA.

ge·nome

(jē'nōm)
Complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent; haploid number of a gamete.

genome (jē´nōm),

n the total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms.
genome, human,
n the complete set of genes in the chromosomes of each cell.

genome

all of the genes carried by a gamete, i.e. the complete set of hereditary factors contained in the chromosomal DNA. For some viruses, the genome is RNA.

diploid genome
having two genetically identical RNA molecules of RNA, characteristic of retroviruses.
integrated genome
the integration of the viral DNA into the cellular DNA of the host, as occurs in some kinds of persistent infections and the induction of tumors.
segmented genome
the genome is composed of separate segments. A characteristic of some viruses.
References in periodicals archive ?
This year alone, researchers working at the Center generated and published high-quality draft sequences of the genomes of three of the Saccharomyces yeast species, the Ustilago maydis corn smut, and the chimpanzee genome (Pan troglodytes), along with starting to sequence the domestic dog (Canis familiaris).
What we learned from assembling the draft sequence of a fungus, we can now apply to sequencing human genomes," Head of Bioinfomatics at the BC Cancer Agency's Genome Sciences Centre underlined.
The potato is the most important vegetable worldwide," said Robin Buell, an MSU (Michigan State University) associate professor of plant biology, who was part of the consortium that released the first draft sequence of the potato genome.
The campus of Michigan State University is home to Female #256, the Red Jungle Fowl (Gallus gallus) chicken whose blood samples gave researchers the 1 billion DNA units needed to create the first high-quality draft sequence of the chicken genome.
These BACs extend from the ends of the corresponding RGP draft sequence in contigs AP005192 on the right to AP004989 on the left.
By comparing our draft sequence with samples taken from many hundreds of devils suffering from this cancer, we can begin to look at the spread of the disease, quite literally, by identifying geographical routes and barriers in its transmission.
Malek said that he and his colleagues will continue to improve the draft sequence and publish their data.
The Research in Progress link leads to Web sites that display the entire working draft sequence of the human genome and provide tools for its use.
Scientist from a consortium of Norwegian marine and aquaculture institutions announced this week that they have generated the first ever draft sequence and assembly of the Atlantic cod genome.
Neanderthal: A draft sequence of the Neanderthal genome should be published sometime this year.
Announcement of bonobo genome draft sequence opens new doors to understanding the evolutionary history of humans and apes.

Full browser ?