genome

(redirected from Draft sequence)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

genome

 [je´nōm]
the complete set of genes, hereditary factors contained in the haploid set of chromosomes; the human genome has an estimated 30,000 to 40,000 genes. adj., adj genom´ic.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ge·nome

(je'nōm, -nom),
1. A complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent, the haploid number of a gamete.
See also: Human Genome Project.
2. The total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms (the haploid set in a eukaryotic cell), or the functionally similar but simpler linear arrangements found in bacteria and viruses.
See also: Human Genome Project.
[gene + -ome, suffix denoting a defined system or microcosm, fr. G. -ōma, noun suffix]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

genome

(jē′nōm′)
n.
1. The total genetic content contained in a haploid set of chromosomes in eukaryotes, in a single chromosome in bacteria or archaea, or in the DNA or RNA of viruses.
2. An organism's genetic material.

ge·no′mic (-nō′mĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

genome

Genetic structure Genetics All the genetic information in an organism's chromosomes and mitochondria; its size is given in base pairs. See Base pair, Chromosome, Mitochondrial genome, Nuclear genome.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

ge·nome

(jē'nōm)
1. A complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent, the haploid number of a gamete.
2. The total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms (the haploid set in a eukaryotic cell), or the functionally similar but simpler linear arrangements found in bacteria and viruses.
See also: Human Genome Project
[G. genos, birth + (chromos) ome]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

genome

The complete set of CHROMOSOMES, together with the MITOCHONDRIAL DNA, containing the entire genetic material of the cell.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

genome

the complete complement of genetic material in a cell, or carried by an individual.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Genome

The genetic makeup of a cell, composed of DNA.
Mentioned in: Malignant Melanoma
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

genome

The complete set of genes in an individual. In humans it is estimated at approximately 30 000 genes and over three billion base pairs (two nucleotides joined together across a double helix) of DNA.
Millodot: Dictionary of Optometry and Visual Science, 7th edition. © 2009 Butterworth-Heinemann

ge·nome

(jē'nōm)
Complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent; haploid number of a gamete.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
* An international group of scientists supported by NIH produce a high-quality draft sequence of laboratory rat, the third mammalian genome to be sequenced.
This year alone, researchers working at the Center generated and published high-quality draft sequences of the genomes of three of the Saccharomyces yeast species, the Ustilago maydis corn smut, and the chimpanzee genome (Pan troglodytes), along with starting to sequence the domestic dog (Canis familiaris).
Dole[]el et al., "A chromsome-based draft sequence of the hexaploid bread wheat (triticumaestivum) genome," Science, vol.
Dr Greg Elgar, a member of the UK team from the Medical Research Council's Human Genome Mapping Resource Centre in Cambridge, said, "Finishing the draft sequence of the pufferfish genome is the culmination of a decade of research and we're very excited about the implications this has for human disease.
As of August 10, 2000, draft sequence was available for 87% of the human genome (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genome/ seq/), and at least 39 prokaryotic genomes, including those of more than a dozen human pathogens, had been completely sequenced (http://www.tigr.org/tdb/mdb/mdbcomplete.html).
In 2002, the first draft sequence of the indica genome was established by shotgun sequencing and homologous genes were predicted by comparison with the Arabidopsis thaliana genome by Yu et al.
What we learned from assembling the draft sequence of a fungus, we can now apply to sequencing human genomes," Head of Bioinfomatics at the BC Cancer Agency's Genome Sciences Centre underlined."We're now using this novel approach to decode cancer tumors," Jones said."The ability to combine molecular biology techniques and computational approaches in this way really helps establish British Columbia as one of the leading jurisdictions in genome science," Jones added.The research was partially funded by Genome BC, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, the British Columbia Ministry of Forests, the Natural Resources Canada Genomics program, and the BC Cancer Foundation.
"The potato is the most important vegetable worldwide," said Robin Buell, an MSU (Michigan State University) associate professor of plant biology, who was part of the consortium that released the first draft sequence of the potato genome.
The campus of Michigan State University is home to Female #256, the Red Jungle Fowl (Gallus gallus) chicken whose blood samples gave researchers the 1 billion DNA units needed to create the first high-quality draft sequence of the chicken genome.
These BACs extend from the ends of the corresponding RGP draft sequence in contigs AP005192 on the right to AP004989 on the left.
Malek said that he and his colleagues will continue to improve the draft sequence and publish their data.

Full browser ?