Emmerick 1981 thought that words like butte and pitta, that is, the Leumanns' category 2, contained "a long consonant [t:] rather than a full double consonant
[tt]" and because "tt [t:] resulting from secondary contact was phonetically similar to initial [t]" the tt was transferred from those cases to initial position (pp.
In the literature on the orthography of The Ormulum, the function of double consonant
graphemes is quite often reconstructed on the basis of the presumed output of such sound changes as OSL and HCL.
in Swedish are transcribed as long.
(2.) Consonant clusters involving different letters are of course plentiful, but the term "double consonant
" here applies only to identical consonants.
Greek contains no glottal stops or double consonants
, and there is frequent occurrence of palatalization, whereby nonpalatal consonants are changed to palatal consonants.
The student would be guided into sorting the words into two piles, those with doubled consonants and those without, and then asked to detect the reason why certain words contain double consonants
while others do not (in this case, the short vowel in the first syllable leads to the doubled consonant).
Murray discusses Orm, and subscribes to the view that he was 'a self-appointed spelling reformer', without drawing attention to his orthographic conservatism in many respects, though, of course, not in his use of accents and double consonants
. Modern scholars perhaps exaggerate the gravity of the errors in White and Holt's edition of The Ormulum; that, however, is not to say that a new edition is not highly desirable, provided that it is more accurate.
Her coach hammers away at the double consonants
essential to good Italian diction, to say nothing of the open or closed E and O vowels.
The editing of the Latin is not conservative; it unnecessarily regularizes orthography, not infrequently of spellings of a kind quite commonly found in Anglo-Saxon Latin; for example, aeclesia is emended to aecclesia, as are very many other spellings of single letters where modern dictionaries have double consonants
(in line with the etymology of Classical Latin, or, in this word, the Greek etymology of Medieval Latin).
In speech this will often result in [dd], but this should be avoided when singing double voiced plosives, the model instead being the Italian double consonants
[bb], [dd], and [gg].
2) affricates are usually considered single articulations, but are treated as double consonants
here, because of the articulative distinctiveness of the two elements.
. In word pairs like <fine> /'fi:ne/ <finne> /'fin:n[??]/ only vowel length is considered a phonologically distinctive feature.