dual personality

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the characteristic way that a person thinks, feels, and behaves; the relatively stable and predictable part of a person's thought and behavior; it includes conscious attitudes, values, and styles as well as unconscious conflicts and defense mechanisms. Personality traits are simple features of normal and abnormal personalities. Personality types are categories applicable to both normal and abnormal personalities; usually they belong to a coherent typology, such as introvert/extrovert or oral/anal/phallic.
Early Life and Personality. The newborn comes into the world completely dependent on others for satisfying individual basic human needs. Feelings of security in a relationship with the mother, or an adequate substitute, is the cornerstone of mental health in later years.

As children develop, they need to learn and to meet the day-to-day problems of life, and to master them. In resolving these challenges, one chooses solutions from many possibilities. Psychologists have studied how these choices are made and use technical terms to describe them, such as repression and sublimation. The behavior patterns chosen result in certain character traits which will influence a child's way of meeting the world—whether the child will lead or follow, be conscientious or reckless, imitate his or her parents or prefer to be as different from them as possible, or take a realistic, flexible path between these extremes. The sum total of these traits represents the personality.
The Well-Adjusted Personality. A well-adjusted individual is one who adapts to surroundings. If adaptation is not possible, the individual makes realistic efforts to change the situation, using personal talents and abilities constructively and successfully. The well-adjusted person is realistic and able to face facts whether they are pleasant or unpleasant, and deals with them instead of merely worrying about them or denying them. Well-adjusted mature persons are independent. They form reasoned opinions and then act on them. They seek a reasonable amount of information and advice before making a decision, and once the decision is made, they are willing to face the consequences of it. They do not try to force others to make decisions for them. An ability to love others is typical of the well-adjusted individual. In addition, the mature well adjusted person is also able to enjoy receiving love and affection and can accept a reasonable dependence on others.
alternating personality multiple personality disorder.
cyclothymic personality a temperament characterized by rapid, frequent swings between sad and cheerful moods; see also cyclothymic disorder.
personality disorders a group of mental disorders characterized by enduring, inflexible, and maladaptive personality traits that deviate markedly from cultural expectations, pervade a broad range of situations, and are either a source of subjective distress or a cause of significant impairment in social, occupational, or other functioning. In general, they are difficult both to diagnose and to treat.

Although individuals with a personality disorder can function in day-to-day life, they are hampered both emotionally and psychologically by the maladaptive nature of their disorder, and their chances of forming good relationships and fulfilling their potentialities are poor. In spite of their problems, these patients refuse to acknowledge that anything is wrong and insist that it is the rest of the world that is out of step. Very often their behavior is extremely annoying to those around them.

Personality disorders result from unresolved conflicts, often dating back to childhood. To alleviate the anxiety and depression that accompany these conflicts, the ego uses defense mechanisms. Although defense mechanisms are not pathological in themselves, they become maladaptive in individuals with personality disorders.

The category includes: antisocial personality disorder, avoidant personality disorder, borderline personality disorder, dependent personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, paranoid personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder, and schizotypal personality disorder. Distinguishing one disorder from another can be difficult because the various traits can occur in more than one disorder. For example, patients with borderline personality disorder and those with narcissistic personality disorder both may have a tendency to angry outbursts and may be hindered in forming interpersonal relationships because they often exploit, idealize, or devalue others. The symptoms of a personality disorder may also occur as features of another mental disorder. More than one personality disorder can exist in the same person.

Because patients refuse to admit that there is anything wrong, personality disorders are more difficult to treat than other mental disorders. However, a great deal can be done in many cases, if the therapist can break through a patient's defense mechanisms and help the patient resolve the underlying conflict.
double personality (dual personality) dissociative identity disorder.
hysterical personality former name for histrionic personality disorder.
multiple personality a dissociative disorder in which an individual adopts two or more personalities alternately. See multiple personality disorder.
split personality an obsolete term formerly used colloquially to refer to either schizophrenia or dissociative identity disorder.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

du·al per·son·al·i·ty

a mental disturbance in which a person assumes alternately two different identities without either personality being consciously aware of the other.
See also: multiple personality disorder, dissociative identity disorder.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

du·al per·son·al·i·ty

(dū'ăl pĕr'sŏn-al'i-tē)
A form of mental disturbance in which someone assumes alternately two different identities; neither is conscious of the existence of the other.
Synonym(s): double personality.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in classic literature ?
Are you unable to imagine this double consciousness at work within me, flowing on like two parallel streams which never mingle their waters and blend into a common hue?
The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Thus, when Latimer loses his gift for thought-reading while retaining his gift for prevision, he notes not that he is losing his second consciousness but that `the ideas that crowded my double consciousness became less and less dependent on any personal contact' (p.
Cultural Liminality and Double Consciousness in Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins's Life Among the Piutes: Their Wrongs and Claims
Washington's Tuskegee Machine and who edited the N.A.A.C.P.'s Crisis magazine for three decades is chiefly read for his youthful literary reflections on "double consciousness," the existential predicament of being torn between the black and American halves of one's identity--a concept that, as Reed observes, Du Bois all but dropped.
James Campbell's Paris Interzone: Richard Wright, Lolita, Boris Vian and Others on the Left Bank 1946-1960 and Paul Gilroy's The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness come from different sectors of a fragmented critical world.
In terms of the debate over the impact of Africa in the New World it falls somewhere between Melville Herskovits's essentialist focus on African retentions (in The Myth of the Negro Past) and Paul Gilroy's social constructivism (in The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness).
References to Othello began popping up, and Newsweek diagnosed him as suffering--because of his social prominence and ghetto origins--from racial "double consciousness," a condition made trendy in recent years by English professors.
(15) Horton believes these divisions were mainly a result of "economic and social pressures from outside [the black communities], complicated by racial prejudice" but also owing to internally generated strife over gender issues, tensions inhering from the pull of the unique double consciousness of a developing racial and national identity many blacks were experiencing and grappling with for the first time, and disagreement among African Americans over strategic political direction.
In this essay I want to begin to theorize the conceptual role played by voice in recent cultural criticism by focusing on a line of argumentation that has its origin in African American studies but whose claims are currently influencing work in ethnic and gender studies generally: the move to make Du Boisian "double consciousness" synonymous with Bakhtinian "double voice."
DuBois spoke of the African-American's "double consciousness."
Theory and research on racial identity in African Americans is derived from three perspectives: double consciousness, multicultural, and Africentric.