This edition incorporates 20 new chapters on radiofrequency lesionings, decompression and compression techniques, nerve blocks, percutaneous disketomies, percutaneous kyphoplasty, sacral nerve stimulation, cervical cordotomy, and dorsal root entry zone
Sometimes, a surgical procedure such as dorsal root entry zone
(DREZ), rhizotomy, or cordotomy is recommended, in which incisions are made in select nerve locations to interrupt the pain in the nervous system itself.
Surgical options in patients with spasticity Neurosurgical Other surgical Selective peripheral neurotomy Tendon-lengthening procedures Intrathecal baclofen therapy Bony anatomy correction/ rotation osteotomies Selective dorsal rhizotomy Intravesicular botulinum toxin injections Dorsal root entry zone
lesioning Intramuscular botulinum toxin injections