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(dō′mäk′), Gerhard 1895-1964.
German biochemist. He won a 1939 Nobel Prize for his work on the antibacterial effect of sulfa drugs but declined the award at the instruction of the German government.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hager had never heard of Domagk and was surprised to learn that he had won a Nobel Prize in 1939, and was arrested by the Gestapo when he tried to claim the prize.
Domagk discovered sulfa, the first antibiotic, a breakthrough that meant infectious diseases were no longer a death sentence.
Before Domagk discovered sulfa in 1932, doctors were resigned to the fact that there was nothing they could do to stop the scourge of infectious disease.
The saga begins with Gerhard Domagk, who as a field physician for the German army in World War I witnessed soldiers' deaths and then dedicated his life to finding a way to protect other soldiers against the ravages of bacteria.
Domagk was innovative in that he began to experiment with dyes, looking for their possible effects against various infections.
Domagk found that injections of bacteria into immunized mice were followed by an enormous phagocytosis of the bacteria through the endothelial cells of the lung, liver, etc.
En 1935, Gerhard Domagk descubrio que el prontosil (un colorante rojo derivado del benceno del alquitran de hulla) atacaba a estreptococos y estafilococos, bacterias causantes de infecciones.
And in 1935, Gerhard Domagk found that a certain synthetic dye effectively killed streptococcus bacteria.
The German biochemist Gerhard Domagk (1895-1964) conducted systematic tests of new dyes synthesized since the time of Ehrlich to see if he could find something appropriate.
When other treatment failed, Domagk injected large quantities of Prontosil.
For this discovery, Domagk was awarded the Nobel Prize for medicine and physiology in 1939.