These included eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), docosapentaenoic acid
(DPA), and alpha linolenic acid (ALA).
The types of omega-3s considered in the study were eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), docosapentaenoic acid
(DPA), and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA).
DPA (docosapentaenoic acid
), an intermediary between EPA and DHA, is an "exciting product given its role in early links between omega-3s and cardiovascular disease," said David Barnes, chief scientific officer and head of global research and development.
Fatty acid (FA) Number of atoms Carbon Saturated FA Tridecanoic acid C13:0 Myristic acid Cl4:0 Pentadecanoic acid C15:0 Palmitic acid Cl6:0 Margaric acid Cl7:0 Stearic acid Cl8:0 Nonadecanoic acid Cl9:0 Arachidic acid C20:0 Fleneicosanoic acid C21:0 Tricosanoic acid C23:0 Monounsaturated FA Pentadecanoic acid C15:l Palmitoleic acid C16:ln7 Heptadecanoic acid C17:1 Oleic acid C18:ln9 Polyunsaturated FA Linoleic acid C18:2n6 Alpha-linoleic acid C18:3n3 Eicosadienoic acid C20:2 Arachidonic acid C20:4n6 Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) C20:5n3 Docosapentaenoic acid
(DPA) C22:5n3 Docosahexaenoic acid (DFLA) C22:6n3 Abstract EPA+DHA [summation] n-3 [summation] n-6 n3/n6 [summation] SFA [summation] MUFA [summation] PUFA Present study D.
Utilization of olein fraction of chia seed oil into ice cream significantly improved the concentration of omega-3 fatty acids such as alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosapentaenoic acid
(DPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in the enriched ice cream .
The abbreviations used for targeted analytes are as follows: PG, prostaglandin; HHTrE, hydroxy heptadecatrienoic acid; TX, thromboxane; EET, epoxy eicosatrienoic acid; DHET, dihydroxy eicosatrienoic acid; HETE, hydroxy eicosatetraenoic acid; DiHETE, dihydroxy eicosatetraenoic acid; EpOME, epoxy octadecenoic acid; DiHOME, dihydroxy octadecenoic acid; EPDPE, epoxy docosapentaenoic acid
; DiHDPA, dihydroxy docosapentaenoic acid
; HODE, hydroxy octadecadienoic acid; RvD2, resolvin D2; HDoHE, hydroxy docosahexaenoic acid; DiHDoHE, dihydroxy docosahexaenoic acid; HETrE, hydroxyl eicosatrienoic acid; HOTrE, hydroxy octadecatrienoic acid; and HEPE, hydroxy eicosapentaenoic acid.
Specifically, the guanine and cytosine alleles of 2 SNPs, rs1290617 and rs1290620, in CYP4F3, are associated with high plasma levels of docosapentaenoic acid
, which is one of the n-3 PUFAs.
Palmitic acid (16:0), palmitoleic acid (16:1n7), heptadeconoic acid (17:0), stearic acid (18:0), oleic acid 18:1n7, n9) linoleic acid (18:2, n-6), linolenic acid (18:3, n-3) eicosanoic acid (FA20:2 n-6 ), eicosatrienoic acid (20:3, n-6), arachidonic acid (20:4 n6), eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5, n-3), docosatetraenoic acid, docosapentaenoic acid
(22:5 n6) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6, n-3) were observed in fatty acid components of the liver.
ALA, docosapentaenoic acid
(DPA) and DHA concentration were significantly influenced (p < 0.05) by the diet, whereas EPA was not detected in eggs with any seed supplementation.
Fingerlin et al., "Erythrocyte membrane docosapentaenoic acid
levels are associated with islet autoimmunity: the Diabetes Autoimmunity Study in the Young," Diabetologia, vol.
Jahreis, "Dietary echium oil increases long-chain n-3 PUFAs, including docosapentaenoic acid
, in blood fractions and alters biochemical markers for cardiovascular disease independently of age, sex, and metabolic syndrome," The Journal of Nutrition, vol.
Previous research has suggested that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) - namely, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and docosapentaenoic acid
(DPA) - can suppress the growth of cancer tumours and curb blood supply to cancer cells.