distraction osteogenesis


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distraction osteogenesis

a technique of inducing new bone formation by dividing a bone and applying tension through an external fixation device to lengthen the bone.

dis·trac·tion os·te·o·gen·e·sis

(dis-trak'shŭn os'tē-ō-jen'ĕ-sis)
A technique of inducing new bone formation by dividing a bone and applying tension through an external fixation device to lengthen the bone.

distraction osteogenesis

Abbreviation: DO
A method of lengthening bones by making a series of controlled fractures which are then spread to desired locations and held in place with hinges, rods, and/or wires. The technique is used primarily in orthopedic or maxillofacial surgery to repair deficits in long bones or facial bones.
See also: osteogenesis
References in periodicals archive ?
Rapid canine distalization through segmental alveolar distraction osteogenesis. Angle Orthod 2007;77:226-36.
Effects of low-level laser therapy on bone formed after distraction osteogenesis. Lasers Med Sci 2010; 25: 213-9.
For large-scale defects, there are two major techniques to consider: induced membrane technique and distraction osteogenesis. Choosing between these two techniques should be based on the associated soft tissue injury, patient factors, the local vascularity, and the possibility of residual infection.
The histology of distraction osteogenesis using different external fixators.
Gunaydin, "Histomorphometrical analysis of new bone obtained by distraction osteogenesis and osteogenesis by periosteal distraction in rabbits," International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol.
(18) In the first case, distraction osteogenesis was used successfully after failed attempts to repair a tibiotarsal fracture.
Analysis of skeletal movements in mandibular distraction osteogenesis. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2005; 63: 335-40.
Key Words: Distraction osteogenesis, Bone transport, Ilizarov ring fixator, Naseer-Awais fixator
Coverage encompasses ambulatory anesthesia, third molar and implant surgery, maxillofacial trauma, orthognathic surgery, distraction osteogenesis, obstructive sleep apnea, cleft and craniofacial surgery, cosmetic surgery, temporomandicular joint surgery, ablative oral/head and neck surgery, lip cancer, hard and soft tissue reconstruction, and microvascular composite bone flaps.
Kisnisci added generic medicines, cleft osteotomies, maxillary distraction osteogenesis and tissue engineering are quite critical areas that is part of their discipline as well.