dystonia

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dystonia

 [dis-to´ne-ah]
impairment of muscular tonus. adj., adj dyston´ic.
tardive dystonia a variant of tardive dyskinesia characterized by unusual posturing and movements.

dys·to·ni·a

(dis-tō'nē-ă),
A syndrome of abnormal muscle contraction that produces repetitive involuntary twisting movements and abnormal posturing of the neck, trunk, face, and extremities.
[dys- + G. tonos, tension]

dystonia

/dys·to·nia/ (-to´ne-ah) dyskinetic movements due to disordered tonicity of muscle.dyston´ic
dystonia musculo´rum defor´mans  a hereditary disorder marked by involuntary, irregular, clonic contortions of the muscles of the trunk and limbs, which twist the body forward and sideways grotesquely.

dystonia

(dĭs-tō′nē-ə)
n.
Abnormal tonicity of muscle, characterized by prolonged, repetitive muscle contractions that may cause twisting or jerking movements of the body or a body part.

dys·ton′ic (-tŏn′ĭk) adj.

dystonia

[distō′nē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, dys + tonos, tone
any impairment of muscle tone. The condition commonly involves the head, neck, and tongue and often occurs as an adverse effect of a medication.

dystonia

Neurology Involuntary, often acute movement and prolonged contraction of one or more muscles, resulting in twisting body motions, tremor, and abnormal posture Etiology Inherited, ↑ during voluntary movement, nervousness, and emotional stress; dystonias may affect the extrapyramidal system–despite lack of demonstrable lesions, task specific–eg, writer's cramp or associated with medications–especially antipsychotics or disease–eg, a form of lung cancer Location Tongue, jaw, eyes, neck, trunk, extremities, occasionally the whole body Management Dopamine, sedatives–benzodiazepines–eg diazepam, anticholinergics–eg, trihexyphenidyl, benztropine–which cause dry mouth, mydriasis, urinary retention, and visual hallucinations; surgery. See Cranial dystonia, Dopa-responsive dystonia, Focal dystonia, Idiopathic torsion dystonia, Oromandibular dystonia, Segawa's dystonia, Torsion dystonia.

dys·to·ni·a

(dis-tō'nē-ă)
A state of abnormal (either hypo- or hyper-) tonicity in any tissue, particularly skeletal muscle.
Synonym(s): torsion spasm.
[dys- + G. tonos, tension]

dystonia

A group of muscle disorders featuring variable muscle tone, muscle spasms, abnormal posture or muscle contraction, or interference with normal movement. The dystonias include wry-neck (TORTICOLLIS), WRITER'S CRAMP, spasmodic closure of the eyelids (BLEPHAROSPASM) and involuntary grimacing and chewing movements (Meige syndrome). Dystonias may be of autosomal dominant or recessive or X-linked aetiology. Botulinum toxin treatment is effective in many cases.

Dystonia

A movement disorder characterized by sustained muscle contractions that result in writhing or twisting movements and unsual body postures.

dystonia

prolonged muscle contraction, usually due to basal ganglia disease

dys·to·ni·a

(dis-tō'nē-ă)
A syndrome of abnormal muscle contraction that produces repetitive involuntary twisting movements and abnormal posturing of the neck, trunk, face, and extremities.
[dys- + G. tonos, tension]

dystonia (distō´nēə),

n a disorder or lack of tonicity.

dystonia

abnormality of muscular tonus.
References in periodicals archive ?
El diagnostico de distonia es clinico, se basa en los sintomas y signos que presenta el paciente y en su forma de evolucion.
Por tal razon es importante tener un alto indice de sospecha ante la presencia de signos y sintomas como fiebre, alteraciones de la conciencia, rigidez muscular, disfuncion autonomica y la presencia de temblor, distonia y mioclonias.
La BT tiene propiedades antinociceptivas y relajantes musculares, por lo que se ha utilizado desde 1968 de manera exitosa en dolor cronico originado en diversos trastornos por sobreactividad focal muscular, como la distonia cervical; se ha planteado que la BT podria ser muy util en el tratamiento del sindrome miofascial rompiendo el circulo vicioso doloroso (18); sin embargo, algunos estudios han evidenciado que la aplicacion simple de BT no es suficiente para aliviar el dolor y que, junto con el tratamiento activo, la terapia fisica debe ser uno de los pilares basicos (19).
Mesmo excluindo os que foram submetidos a tratamento cirurgico e os com patologias de prognostico mais reservado, como paralisia e distonia laringea, a media ainda e considerada alta (58,4 dias) para trabalhadores que nao dependem diretamente da voz para desempenhar suas atividades.
As principais reacoes indesejaveis apresentadas pelos internos incluiram insonia (27,1%), agressividade (21,9%), apatia e sonolencia (16,7%), ansiedade (14,6%), agitacao e alucinacoes (10,4%), agitacao psicomotora (9,5%), tremor e delirios (7,3%), convulsao, deficit cognitivo e ganho de peso (6,3%), fobia (4,2%), caimbras, cefaleia, nauseas e anorexia (3,1%), dores abdominais, vomitos e constipacao (2,1%), quadros de discinesia, distonia aguda, dor retro-orbitaria, estimulo anticolinergico, falta de libido, mialgia, perda de peso ou sono excessivo (1,0%) e 8,3% nao apresentaram queixas (Grafico 6).
The married Scout leader suffers from a condition called distonia and took up the marathon challenge when a colleague asked her to take part in 2003.
Groups of The neurologic Neurosonographic newborns criteria criteria Low prenatal Transitory neurologic Transitory brain risk of HIE frustration: muscular ischemia and distonia, a syndrome transitory increase of of hyper--excitability; speed of Presence of clinical bloodstream in the symptoms no more basic vessels of the than 7 days.
Se debe tener precaucion en pacientes con Enfermedad de Parkinson o enfermedad mental, intranquilidad, distonia, sobredosis.
El calambre del escritor es considerado una de las distonias ocupacionales mas frecuentes junto con la distonia del musico, al igual que el sindrome de tunel del carpo por parte de los desordenes musculo-esqueleticos.
La distonia matutina y las fluctuaciones complejas, no muestran muchos casos para establecer si mejora o no.
De acuerdo con estadisticas recogidas por la investigacion, en la localidad 19 hay un significativo segmento de la poblacion que presenta una condicion especial, es decir, ha tenido que acudir a tratamientos medicos por afecciones pulmonares, luxaciones, accidentes de transito, maternidad, osteoporosis, distonia primaria, infarto, diabetes, imposibilidad de caminar, o tension alta.
Actualmente depende totalmente de sus padres, no puede hablar por espasticidad cervical y de musculos maseteros, es incapaz de caminar por distonia severa y presenta agresividad.