dystonia

(redirected from Distonia)
Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia.

dystonia

 [dis-to´ne-ah]
impairment of muscular tonus. adj., adj dyston´ic.
tardive dystonia a variant of tardive dyskinesia characterized by unusual posturing and movements.

dys·to·ni·a

(dis-tō'nē-ă),
A syndrome of abnormal muscle contraction that produces repetitive involuntary twisting movements and abnormal posturing of the neck, trunk, face, and extremities.
[dys- + G. tonos, tension]

dystonia

(dĭs-tō′nē-ə)
n.
Abnormal tonicity of muscle, characterized by prolonged, repetitive muscle contractions that may cause twisting or jerking movements of the body or a body part.

dys·ton′ic (-tŏn′ĭk) adj.

dystonia

Neurology Involuntary, often acute movement and prolonged contraction of one or more muscles, resulting in twisting body motions, tremor, and abnormal posture Etiology Inherited, ↑ during voluntary movement, nervousness, and emotional stress; dystonias may affect the extrapyramidal system–despite lack of demonstrable lesions, task specific–eg, writer's cramp or associated with medications–especially antipsychotics or disease–eg, a form of lung cancer Location Tongue, jaw, eyes, neck, trunk, extremities, occasionally the whole body Management Dopamine, sedatives–benzodiazepines–eg diazepam, anticholinergics–eg, trihexyphenidyl, benztropine–which cause dry mouth, mydriasis, urinary retention, and visual hallucinations; surgery. See Cranial dystonia, Dopa-responsive dystonia, Focal dystonia, Idiopathic torsion dystonia, Oromandibular dystonia, Segawa's dystonia, Torsion dystonia.

dys·to·ni·a

(dis-tō'nē-ă)
A state of abnormal (either hypo- or hyper-) tonicity in any tissue, particularly skeletal muscle.
Synonym(s): torsion spasm.
[dys- + G. tonos, tension]

dystonia

A group of muscle disorders featuring variable muscle tone, muscle spasms, abnormal posture or muscle contraction, or interference with normal movement. The dystonias include wry-neck (TORTICOLLIS), WRITER'S CRAMP, spasmodic closure of the eyelids (BLEPHAROSPASM) and involuntary grimacing and chewing movements (Meige syndrome). Dystonias may be of autosomal dominant or recessive or X-linked aetiology. Botulinum toxin treatment is effective in many cases.

Dystonia

A movement disorder characterized by sustained muscle contractions that result in writhing or twisting movements and unsual body postures.

dys·to·ni·a

(dis-tō'nē-ă)
A syndrome of abnormal muscle contraction that produces repetitive involuntary twisting movements and abnormal posturing of the neck, trunk, face, and extremities.
[dys- + G. tonos, tension]
References in periodicals archive ?
Su uso es para el manejo de la distonia y la fiebre, para promover su eficacia, se combina con otros farmacos, como la morfina (2).
* Inhibicion de la distonia. Globo palido Modulacion: via directa * Mejoria en la deglucion.
Se ha argumentado que la distonia focal y otras lesiones por sobreuso de las extremidades superiores --sobre todo los de tipo muscular--, son patologias con una base similar que evolucionan de forma distinta (Rosset-Llobet, 2015; Rosset-Llobet, Fabregas, Rosines, Narbehaus y Montero, 2005).
La distonia es un trastorno caracterizado por contracciones musculares sostenidas, involuntarias, que causan movimientos repetitivos lentos o posturas anormales.
Caracteristicas Paciente 1 Paciente 2 Control Sexo Femenino Masculino Masculino Originen Etnico CM CM CM Historia Familiar no si * no Edad al examen (anos) 79 67 77 Edad al inicio (anos) 71 60 n/a Bradiquinesia si si no Temblor de reposo si no no Rigidez si si no Inestabilidad Postural si si no Asimetria al inicio si si no Distonia no no no Alteraciones Comportamiento no no no Respuesta a L-DOPA si si n/a Decline Cognitivo no no no Disquinesia inducida por L-DOPA si si n/a CM = Caucasico mestizo * Madre y medio hermano afectado n/a = No Aplicable Tabla 2.
Posterior a su inicio, la crisis continua con desconexion con el medio, mirada fija, arresto motor, distonia en miembros superiores y automatismos oroalimentarios (chupeteo, deglucion o masticacion) o manuales, seguidos de manifestaciones autonomicas (midriasis, hiperventilacion, piloereccion y taquicardia) (O'Brien, Kilpatrick, Murrie, Vogrin, Morris & Cook, 1996).
No solo la distonia de amalgamar lo alto con lo bajo nos instala en el camp, sino tambien la sorna con que se manipula la cursileria.
Pueden ser clonicos cuando comienzan abruptamente, a manera de sacudidas rapidas y breves, o pueden ser lentos y sostenidos (distonia o tonico tics) (12).
(2003) a traves de la denervacion del musculo LE describieron que la contraccion anormal de este musculo podria producir torticolis en la distonia cervical.
LAHORE -- The Lahore General Hospital (LGH) is going to start "Movement Disorder Clinic" in Neurosurgery Department every Saturday to treat patients of movement disorders, including parkinson disease, distonia, chorea and essential tremors.
En el ano 2000 la BT fue aprobada por la FDA para distonia cervical, y en el 2002 fue aprobada para el manejo temporal de linea glabelar en pacientes menores de 65 anos (1).
De acordo com a literatura, os primeiros sintomas identificados sao geralmente as mudancas comportamentais e agitacao, convulsoes, comprometimento da fala e transtornos de movimento tais como distonia, discinesia orofacial e coreia.