cognitive dissonance

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dissonance

 [dis´o-nans]
discord or disagreement.
cognitive dissonance anxiety or similar unpleasant feelings resulting from a lack of agreement between a person's established ideas, beliefs, and attitudes and some more recently acquired information or experience.

cog·ni·tive dis·so·nance the·o·ry

a theory of attitude formation and behavior describing a motivational state that exists when a person's cognitive elements (attitudes, perceived behaviors, etc.) are inconsistent with each other (dissonance), such as the espousal of the Ten Commandments concurrent with the belief that it is all right to cheat on one's taxes, and indicating that people try to achieve consistency (consonance) by changing attitudes, rationalizing, selective perception, and other means.
See also: balance theory, consistency principle.

cognitive dissonance

n. Psychology
The psychological tension that occurs when one holds mutually exclusive beliefs or attitudes and that often motivates people to modify their thoughts or behaviors in order to reduce the tension.

cognitive dissonance

Etymology: L, cognoscere, to know, dis, opposite of, sonare, to sound
a state of tension resulting from a discrepancy in a person's emotional and intellectual frame of reference for interpreting and coping with his or her environment. It usually occurs when new information contradicts existing assumptions or knowledge.

cog·ni·tive dis·so·nance

(kog'ni-tiv dis'ŏ-năns)
A motivational state that exists when a person's attitudes, perceptions, and related cognitive state are inconsistent with each other, e.g., hating African Americans as a group but admiring Martin Luther King, Jr.

cognitive dissonance

A psychological term meaning conflict resulting from inconsistency between beliefs and actions, as of a person professing an ethical code but cheating at the Customs.

cognitive dissonance

a subjective state of psychological tension induced when a person holds two or more cognitions that are inconsistent. For example, a person might hold the cognition that they enjoy smoking whilst at the same time believing that smoking is harmful to their health. It is proposed that such dissonant states motivate one of three kinds of behaviour to reduce the dissonance: changing one of the cognitions (for example, by changing the behaviour associated with it, such as giving up smoking); dismissing the importance of one of the cognitions (for example, by telling oneself that smoking is not that bad for one's health); or by adding a justifying cognition (for example, by telling oneself that one does not smoke too much).
References in periodicals archive ?
So, in this study we took cognitive dissonance theory and students' evaluation of teaching and courses in areas of high and low achievement.
We present and discuss the findings in light of the relevant literature and cognitive dissonance theory.
Double forced compliance: A new paradigm in cognitive dissonance theory.
The very interesting explanation of dissonance theory is related to incentive level that is provided to produce attitude change.
Although the cognitive dissonance theory is important in psychology, it is not discovered significantly with respect to its relation with personality traits.
In the following section, I explore these possibilities through the framework of cognitive dissonance theory.
According to cognitive dissonance theory (Festinger, 1957), one should work to reduce the dissonance and if it is too late to avoid the behavior, one would modify one's beliefs to account for or justify one's behavior.
In this package comprised of a facilitator's guide and 10 staple-bound participant workbooks, Stice (Oregon Research Institute) and Presnell (psychology, Southern Methodist University) outline a two-part group intervention program, based on cognitive dissonance theory, for adolescent and college-aged women at risk for developing eating disorders.
In tracing the development of cognitive dissonance theory, he addresses the motivational property of dissonance, shifting models and understandings of the role of the self in dissonance theory, and issues of culture and race.
Cognitive dissonance theory suggests that this is more likely to occur when users are strongly committed to their opinions.
org provides the following definition: "According to cognitive dissonance theory, there is a tendency for individuals to seek consistency among their cognitions (i.
Aronson, Elliot (1992), "The Return of the Repressed: Dissonance Theory Makes a Comeback," Psychological Inquiry, Vol.