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A reaction involving a single substance but producing two products; for example, two molecules of acetaldehyde may react, producing an oxidation product (acetic acid) and a reduction product (ethyl alcohol).
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References in periodicals archive ?
With increased radical stability, PBD coagents give better properties due to the suppression of competing reactions like beta scission, disproportionation and homopolymerization (refs.
However, the difference in electrons density was found to be too small to justify a complete disproportionation into 3+ and 5+ valence states of Bi.
The growing radical chains terminate either by joining of two chains (combination) or by abstracting an atom from one of them (disproportionation).
However, at higher alkali concentration (pH [greater than] 11.6) some of the peroxide is consumed in the disproportionation reaction to produce oxygen and water.
Recombination and disproportionation of polymeric and persulfenyl radicals (ref.
Novel Disproportionation in Charge-Transfer Salts by X-ray Crystallography, J.
Smalley, "Single-wall nanotubes produced by metal-catalyzed disproportionation of carbon monoxide," Chemical Physics Letters, vol.
Alper, "Alkali-induced disproportionation of palladium(II) tertiary phosphine complexes, [[L.sub.2]Pd[Cl.sub.2]], to LO and palladium(0).
Uwe, "Bismuth charge disproportionation in semiconducting Ba[Pb.sub.x][Bi.sub.1-x][O.sub.3] studied by infrared reflection spectroscopy," Journal of Physics Condensed Matter, vol.
Enzymic xanthine oxidation yields superoxide radical anion and the disproportionation of the latter by superoxide dismutase results in molecular oxygen and hydrogen peroxide occurrence [234]:
The peroxide vulcanization accompanies side reactions such as chain scission and disproportionation, which induce rapid consumption of the peroxide without formation of radicals, hence crosslinking efficiency is lowered [24, 25].
The main chemical precursors used in the CVD of films and coatings and the associated chemical reactions can be categorized into the following types of reactions: thermal decomposition (pyrolysis), reduction, oxidation, hydrolysis, nitridation, disproportionation, and synthesis.