boomslang

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boomslang

A venomous colubrid snake native to sub-Saharan African, which is arboreal, diurnal and measures up to 160 cm. Only a handful of fatal human envenomations have been documented.

Importance
The venom is slow acting and contains a haemotoxin and anticoagulant. In addition to haemorrhage, the venom causes headache, nausea, sleepiness and confusion.
References in periodicals archive ?
(4) Less than 10% of snakes in southern Africa are potentially lethal; the reported snakebite mortality rate is 1 - 2%.4 The snakes responsible for severe bites in the study region include: forest cobra (Naja melanoleuca), M'Fezi or Mozambique spitting cobra (Naja mossambica), Egyptian cobra (Naja haje), black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis), green mamba (Dendroaspis angusticeps), boomslang (Dispholidus typus), vine snake (Thelotornis capensis), puff adder (Bitis Arietans) and Gaboon viper (Bitis gabonica).
Less frequently used is monovalent antivenom for treatment of boomslang (Dispholidus typus) bites, which although rare, can be life-threatening in the absence of antivenom therapy.