confirmation bias

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confirmation bias

(kon″fĭr-mā′shŏn)
An error in diagnostic thinking in which one sees only those patterns in the data that support one's preconceptions.
References in periodicals archive ?
For instance, disconfirmation bias reflects that people pay greater attention to information that negates their perspective rather than to that which supports their pre-existing views (Edwards & Smith, 1996; Lord, Ross, & Lepper, 1979).
Difficulty in changing perceptions is a human frailty--we are prone to confirmation or disconfirmation bias, and use evidence to shore up our beliefs rather than to embrace the necessary change.
Smith, A Disconfirmation Bias in the Evaluation of Arguments, 71 J.