Dirofilaria immitis


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Di·ro·fi·la·ri·a im·'mi·tis

a species of filarial worms; primary hosts are dogs and other canids in tropical, subtropical and temperate climates, adult worms are found chiefly in the right ventricle and pulmonary arteries of dogs; sometimes a serious pathogen of racing and show dogs, especially in the southern U.S. where mosquito vectors are most common; Dirofilaria immitis and its canine host have been used to test chemotherapeutic agents, and an extract of Dirofilaria immitis may be used as a nonspecific intradermal antigen in the diagnosis of human filariasis and in complement-fixation tests.
See also: Dipetalonema reconditum.
Synonym(s): heartworm

Dirofilaria immitis

Heartworm, a species of filariae that occurs in dogs but may infest humans.
See also: Dirofilaria
References in periodicals archive ?
Differentiation of the microfilariae of Dirofilaria immitis and Dirofilaria repens in stained blood films.
Kars ve Igdir Civarindaki Kopeklerde Dirofilaria immitis (Leidy, 1856)'nin Prevalansi ve Potansiyel Vektor Sivrisinek Turleri Uzerine Arastirmalar.
Werner, "Molecular detection of Dirofilaria immitis, Dirofilaria repens and Setaria tundra in mosquitoes from Germany," Parasites & Vectors, vol.
Effects of tetracycline on the filarial worms Brugia pahangi and Dirofilaria immitis and their bacterial endosymbionts Wolbachia.
McMahan, "Forecasting United States heartworm Dirofilaria immitis prevalence in dogs," Parasites and Vectors, vol.
Dirofilaria immitis, colloquially known as the dog heartworm, is a nematode that utilizes dogs as its natural host.
Hematology, serum biochemistry, and urinalysis did not display any abnormalities and serology (snap ELISA, IDEXX[R]) for all of Leishmania infantum, Ehrlichia canis, and Anaplasmaphagocytophilum antibodies and Dirofilaria immitis antigen was negative.
Surveillance for Ehrlichia canis, Anaplasma phaaocvtophilum, Borrelia burgdorferi, and Dirofilaria immitis in Dogs From Three Cities in Colombia
Con respecto a la dirofilariosis felina (DF) es producida por un nematodo filaroide, Dirofilaria immitis. Es transmitida en forma natural por mosquitos, entre los cuales se encuentran mas de 60 especies implicadas.