Diplura


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Diplura

an order of wingless insects, usually colourless or white, which occurs in soils -‘two-pronged bristletails’.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
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The Class Diplura currently consists of 10 families and -800 species worldwide but only five families and 30 species are known for Australia.
Diplura, Symphyla, and Thysanura (all saprophagous), Gastropoda (saprophagous/herbivorous), Trichoptera (larvae and adults, both of them saprophagous/predators), Pseudoscorpionida (predators), and Diptera (herbivorous) were not found only in PA (Table 2).
La clase que presento el mayor numero de ordenes fue Insecta (Blattodea, Coleoptera, Hemiptera, Hymenoptera, Diplura y Lepidoptera), seguida de Arachnida (Acari, Schizomida, Araneae, Opiliones y Pseudoscorpiones), Diplopoda (Polyzoniida, Stemmiulida, Spirostreptida y Polydesmida), Gastropoda (Archaeogastropoda, Stylommatophora, Basommatophora y Systellommatophora); Chilopoda (Lithobiomorpha, Scolopendromorpha y Geophilomorpha) y un orden en cada una de las clases Clitellata (Haplotaxida), Entognatha (Diplura), Malacostraca (Isopoda) y Symphyla (no identificado).
According to the results of Pearson's correlation (r) analysis (Tables 3 and 4), there was a positive relationship between ants and ten other arthropod groups (Coleoptera, Collembola, Diplura, Ephemeroptera, Homoptera, Heteroptera, Orthoptera, Protura, Thysanoptera, and Acari) in secondary forest.
The main groups of edaphic fauna in the compost piles, in decreasing order of density, were Acari, Entomobryomorpha, Coleoptera, Diplura, and Formicidae (Table 1).
All other Orders (Acari, Araneae, Geophilomorpha, Spirostreptida, Symphyla, Diplura, Blattaria, Coleoptera, Diptera, Ephemeroptera, Hemiptera, Hymenoptera, Isoptera, Lepidoptera, Neuroptera, Plecoptera, Psocoptera, Thysanoptera, Trichoptera, Pulmonata, Isopoda and Haplotaxida) were better sampled by QuS.
Abundance of arthropods by different methods in 4 year and 8 year old oil palm plantation at Sungai Sedu Estate Arthropods 4 Year old oil palm plantation Pitfall Litter Sweep trap analysis net Insecta Coleoptera 552 551 247 Collembola 530 276 16 Dermaptera 114 157 1 Diplura -- -- -- Diptera 181 7 194 Hempitera 15 10 194 Homoptera 5 10 367 Hymenoptera 4581 1791 1062 (Formicidae) Hymenoptera 13 33 51 (Others) Isoptera 38 3 3 Lepidoptera 44 11 64 Neuroptera 8 1 -- Odonata -- -- 9 Orthoptera 1021 325 561 Psocoptera -- 3 -- Thysanoptera 1 -- -- Unidentified 3 48 4 insects Chilopoda 81 32 1 Diplopoda 19 48 -- Crustacea Amphipoda 234 9 -- Isopoda 22 22 -- Arachnida Acarina 116 321 5 Araneida 489 95 1254 Chelonethida -- 2 -- Phalangida 7 9 1 Total 8074 3764 4034 G.
Os saprofagos que se alimentam diretamente dos residuos de plantas, fragmentando-os, pertencem aos grupos: Blattodea, Dermaptera, Diplopoda, Diplura, Isopoda, Psocoptera e Symphyla.
altissimus Categoria alimenticia (N=37) (N=5) Monocotyledoneae Poaceae Glumas-lemnas, raiz, semilla Hoja-epidermis, tallo, fruto, X X espigilla Cyperaceae Hoja-epidermis, tallo, fruto X Dicotiledoneas Asteraceae Hoja-epidermis, aquenios, semilla, fruto Piperaceae Semillas enteras Hoja-epidermis, semilla restos, tallo, raiz, estambres, pericarpo de fruto Insecta Coleoptera Carabidae X X Coccinellidae X Curculionidae X Scarabaeidae X Hemiptera Pentatomidae X Cicadelidae X Lepidoptera Nymphalidae X Diptera Cecidomyiidae X Hymenoptera X Phthiraptera X Diplura X Arachnida X M.
Tetragnathidae Meta ouolis GERTSCH Diplopoda Chordeumida Cleidognoidae Pseudotremia eburnea LOOMIS Lysiopetalidea Abacion magnum LOOMIS Entognatha Diplura Campodeidae Entomobryomorpha Entomobryidae Pseudosineila sp.