Diphyllobothrium

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Diphyllobothrium

 [di-fil″o-both´re-um]
a genus of large tapeworms. D. la´tum is the broad or fish tapeworm, an intestinal parasite of humans, dogs, cats, and other fish-eating mammals.

Diphyllobothrium

(dī'fil-lō-both'rē-ŭm),
A large genus of tapeworms characterized by a spatulate scolex with dorsal and ventral sucking grooves or bothria. Several species are found in humans, although only one, Diphyllobothrium latum, is of widespread importance. Abbreviated taxonomy: Platyhelminthes, Cestoda, Eucestoda, Pseudophyllidea, Diphyllobothriidae, Diphyllobothrium
[G. di-, two, + phyllon, leaf, + bothrion, little ditch]

Di·phyl·lo·both·ri·um

(dī-fil'lō-both'rē-ŭm)
A large genus of tapeworms (order Pseudophyllidea) characterized by a spatulate scolex with dorsal and ventral sucking grooves, or bothria. Several species are found in humans, although only one, Diphyllobothrium latum, is of widespread importance.
[G. di-, two, + phyllon, leaf, + bothrion, little ditch]

Diphyllobothrium

(di-fil?o-bo`th're-um) [L. Diphyllobothrium, fr di- + Gr. phyllon, leaf + Gr. bothrion, pit]
A genus of tapeworm of the order Pseudophyllidea, marked by a scolex with two bothria (slitlike grooves). The genus was formerly called Dibothriocephalus.

Diphyllobothrium cordatum

A species infesting dogs and seals in Greenland. The plerocercoids are occasionally found in humans. Synonym: heart-shaped tapeworm

Diphyllobothrium erinacei

A species infesting dogs, cats, and other carnivores. Larval stages are occasionally found in humans.
Enlarge picture
DIPHYLLOBOTHRIUM LATUM: Passed in patient's stool.

Diphyllobothrium latum

A species that is native to Scandinavia, the Baltics, and western Russia, and is now found in North America, esp. the Pacific Northwest, that infests fish and mammals. The adult lives in the intestine of fish-eating mammals, including humans. It is the largest tapeworm infesting humans and may reach a length of 50 to 60 ft (15.2 to 18.3 m); the average is 20 ft (6.1 m). The eggs develop into ciliated larvae that are eaten by small crustaceans called copepods. The larvae pass through several stages in the copepods and develop further after the copepods are eaten by fish, finally encysting in fish muscle. People acquire the infection by eating raw or poorly cooked fish that contains cysts. Infection can be prevented by thoroughly cooking all freshwater fish or by keeping the fish frozen at -10°C (14°F) for 48 hr before eating. Synonym: broad tapeworm; fish tapeworm See: illustration

Symptoms

Patients often report abdominal pain, weight loss, digestive disorders, progressive weakness, and symptoms of pernicious anemia because the worm absorbs ingested vitamin B12 from the gastrointestinal tract.

Treatment

Praziquantel is used to treat the infestation.

illustration
References in periodicals archive ?
Which one of the following statements regarding the epidemiology of diphyllobothriosis is most accurate?
What should you consider regarding the clinical presentation of diphyllobothriosis as you evaluate this patient?
Which one of the following treatments was used in all cases of diphyllobothriosis in the current study?
Pacific broad tapeworm Adenocephalus pacificus as a causative agent of globally reemerging diphyllobothriosis. Emerg Infect Dis.
The first 2 human cases of diphyllobothriosis caused by this species were briefly reported from Callao, Lima, Peru, in 1957 (3).
So far, [approximately equal to] 50 records of diphyllobothriosis caused by A.
History of Adenocephalus pacificus Diphyllobothriosis among Humans
Diphyllobothriosis is not endemic to Spain, but 7 cases of D.
We critically examined all recent records of diphyllobothriosis in Spain to clarify species identification because published morphologic data indicated misdiagnosis (online Technical Appendix Table).
However, it is obvious that the recent emergence of diphyllobothriosis caused by nonendemic species such as D.
In mainland China, 15 cases of diphyllobothriosis among humans have been reported since the first report in 1927 through 2012; the etiologic species was identified as D.
latum and the parasite that caused human diphyllobothriosis associated with the consumption of Pacific salmon in Japan (1-3).