Dioscorea villosa | definition of Dioscorea villosa by Medical dictionary
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wild yam Herbal medicine
A perennial vine that contains alkaloids (e.g., dioscorine), phytosterols, steroidal saponins (e.g., dioscin, tillin, diosgenin) and tannins; it is anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, cholegogic and diuretic. Wild yam has been used for colic, menstrual cramps, morning sickness, threatened abortion, muscle spasms, rheumatic pain, poor circulation, neuralgia and urinary tract disease.
References in periodicals archive
Less frequent vines include Dioscorea villosa
, Smilax herbacea, and S.
Dioscorea composita or Dioscorea villosa
L (Family: Dioscoreaceae)
The earliest references to the treatment of menopausal complaints with Dioscorea villosa
appear after the discovery of yams as a prized source of the precursor saponin diosgenin for the synthesis of progestins (Marker 1947) and other sex hormones (Bohonos 1966).