dioptre

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dioptre

A measure of lens power. The reciprocal of the focal length in metres. A lens of 1 m focal length has a power of 1 dioptre. A lens of 50 cm focal length has a power of 2 dioptres. One of 33.3 cm focal length has a power of 3 dioptres. Dioptres are used by opticians in preference to focal lengths because they can immediately be added together or subtracted during vision testing.

dioptre

1. A unit proposed by Monoyer to evaluate the refractive power of a lens or of an optical system. It is equal to the product of the refractive index in the image space and the reciprocal of the focal length in metres. (Symbol: D.) Thus a lens with a focal length (in air) of 1 m has a power of 1 D, one with a focal length of 1/2 m, has a power of 2 D, etc. 2. It is also incorrectly used to represent a unit of curvature, being equal to the reciprocal of the radius of curvature expressed in metres. See curvature of a surface; myodioptre; fundamental paraxial equation; refractive error; vergence.
Fig. D3 Effect of an 8 Χ prismenlarge picture
Fig. D3 Effect of an 8 Χ prism

Table D3 Relationship between dioptres and focal length (in air)
focal length
dioptre value(cm)(in)
0.25400157
0.5020079
1.0010039
1.506726
2.005020
2.504016
3.0033.313
4.002510
5.00207.9
6.0016.76.6
7.0014.35.6
8.0012.54.9
9.0011.14.4
10.00103.9
12.008.33.3
14.007.12.8
16.006.22.4
20.005.02.0

Table D4 Relationship between prism dioptres and degrees
prism
dioptres (Χ)
degrees (º)minutes ()
10.573º0º34′
21.14º1º8′
31.71º1º43′
42.28º2º17′
52.85º2º51′
63.43º3º26′
74.0º4º0′
84.57º4º34′
95.14º5º8′
105.71º5º43′
158.57º8º34
References in periodicals archive ?
* Idopathic cases were 11, in them mean deviation before treatment was 31.43 prism dioptres. At 1 week after treatment, mean deviation was 6.
In them mean deviation before treatment was 41.25 prism dioptres. At l week after treatment, mean deviation was 13.45 pirsmdioptres i.e., 27.80 prism dioptres reduction was observed at 1 week after injection.
In them mean deviation before treatment was 30.25 prism dioptres. At 1 week after treatment, mean deviation was 13.25 prism diopters i.e .17 prism diopters reduction was observed at 1 week after injection observed at I week after injection.
In them mean deviation before treatment was 31.50 prism dioptres. At 1 week after treatment, mean deviation was 3 prism dioptres i.e., 28.50 prism dioptres reduction was observed at 1 week after injection.
The mean keratometry readings decreased from 50.1 dioptres to 46.4 at one year and 46.8 at two years.
* Average keratometry readings less than 53 dioptres
(44) in all 22 eyes treated keratoconus progression was halted, in 16 eyes (70%) there was a mean reduction in the maximum keratometry reading and refractive error of 2.01 dioptres and 1.14 dioptres respectively.
Refractive results showed a reduction in the mean spherical equivalent by approximately 2.50 dioptres and a reduction in comatic aberrations.