Dietary Reference Intakes
for vitamin A, vitamin K, arsenic, boron, chromium, copper, iodine, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, silicon, vanadium, and zinc.
WASHINGTON -- Daily doses of 600 international units of vitamin D and between 700 and 1,300 mg of calcium are enough for most children and adults in the United States and Canada, according to a report on new dietary reference intakes
issued by the Institute of Medicine.
Dietary reference intakes
for energy, carbohydrates, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein and amino acids (macronutrients).
(28.) Standing Committee on Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes
The report, called "Dietary Reference Intakes
for Macronutrients" stresses the importance of balancing diet with exercise, recommends total calories based on an individual's height, weight and gender for each of four different levels of physical activity.
Based on the data used in the analysis, it would take approximately 10 cups or more of tea per day to exceed the degrees specified by the Dietary Reference Intakes
The 2005 edition was a significant departure from previous editions because it is based on a more comprehensive, scientific analysis of diet and health data, including the Dietary Reference Intake
(DRI) reports (published since 2000 by the Institute of Medicine).
Energy intake was calculated from dietary records, basal metabolic rate was estimated from the Dietary Reference Intake
estimated energy requirements for men (Food and Nutrition Board, 2002).
Both of these levels exceeded the current Dietary Reference Intake
(DRI) for copper (0.9 mg.) in women older than 19 years of age.
The dietary reference intake
(DRI) of calcium is 800 mg for children between the ages of 4 and 8; 1300 mg between the ages of 9 and 18; 1000 mg between the ages of 19 and 50; and 1200 mg for individuals age 50 and older (Institute of Medicine, 1997).
Abbreviations AA: Amino acid AA-MF: Amino acid medical foods AI: Adequate intake AMDR: Acceptable macronutrient distribution ranges BMD: Bone mineral density BMI: Body mass index DGA: Dietary Guidelines for Americans DHA: Docosahexaenoic acid DRI: Dietary Reference Intake
EAR: Estimated average requirements EPA: Eicosapentaenoic acid GMP-MF: Glycomacropeptide medical foods MF: Medical foods MLPF: Modified low-protein food MMA: Methylmalonic acid PAH: Phenylalanine hydroxylase PE: Protein equivalent RD: Registered dietitian UL: Tolerable upper intake level.
Under the bill, the DepEd, in coordination with the NNC and the Food and Nutrition Research Institute, should prepare a menu that satisfies at least one-third of the daily nutritional requirement of a child based on the Philippine Dietary Reference Intake
. It should be drawn up according to age range, type of school, and local cultural eating preferences.