Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM),

(dī'ag-nos'tic stă-tis'ti-kăl man'yū-ăl men'tăl dis-or'dĕrz),
A system of classification, published by the American Psychiatric Association, which divides recognized mental disorders into clearly defined categories based on sets of objective criteria. Representing a majority view (rather than a consensus) of hundreds of contributors and consultants, DSM is widely recognized as a diagnostic standard and widely used for reporting, coding, and statistical purposes.

The first edition (1952), based on the sixth revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-6), was intended to promote uniformity in the naming and reporting of psychiatric disorders. It contained definitions of all named disorders, but no sets of diagnostic criteria. Although its classification of mental disorders showed the influence of freudian psychoanalysis, its nomenclature (for example, depressive reaction, anxiety reaction, schizophrenic reaction) reflected the theories of Adolf Meyer (1866-1950). The second edition (DSM-II, 1968) preserved the psychoanalytic orientation but dropped the "reaction" terminology. The third edition (DSM-III, 1980) abandoned much of the rigidly psychodynamic thinking of the earlier editions and, for the first time, provided explicit diagnostic criteria and introduced a multiaxial system whereby different aspects of a patient's condition could be separately assessed. Briefly stated, the axes are I, clinical disorders; II, personality disorders and mental retardation; III, general medical disorders; IV, psychosocial and environmental stressors; and V, overall level of functioning. A revised version of the third edition (DSM-IIIR, 1987) incorporated improvements and clarifications. The fourth edition (DSM-IV) appeared in May, 1994. It follows its two predecessors closely in general outline, and like them is coordinated with and partly derived from ICD-9. For many observers, the most significant change in DSM-IV is the renaming of the category formerly called Organic Mental Syndromes and Disorders as Delirium, Dementia, and Amnestic and Other Cognitive Disorders, a shift in terminology intended to avoid the implication that mental disorders in other categories are not organic.

Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

Di·ag·nos·tic and Sta·tis·ti·cal Man·u·al of Men·tal Dis·or·ders

(DSM) (dī-ăg-nos'tik stă-tis'ti-kăl man'yū-ăl men'tăl dis-ōr'dĕrz)
An American Psychiatric Association publication that classifies mental illnesses. Currently in its fourth edition (i.e., DSM-IV-TR), the manual provides health care practitioners with a comprehensive system for diagnosing mental illnesses based on specific ideational and behavioral symptoms.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Di·ag·nos·tic and Sta·tis·ti·cal Man·u·al of Men·tal Dis·or·ders

(dī-ăg-nos'tik stă-tis'ti-kăl man'yū-ăl men'tăl dis-ōr'dĕrz)
A system of classification, published by the American Psychiatric Association, which divides recognized mental disorders into clearly defined categories.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Making sense of historical changes in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Five propositions.
Although the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders series was designed primarily to assess psychopathology in persons with relatively normal intelligence and psychosocial functioning, earlier versions (Third Edition, Revised, 1987) listed an advisory subcommittee on mental retardation.
Diagnostic features described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV, APA, 1994) include qualitative impairment in social interaction; absent, delayed or idiosyncratic use of language; and stereotyped, repetitive patterns of behaviors, interests, and activities.
It is organized by the categories listed in DSM-IV-TR (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) and addresses the definition, prevalence, clinical presentation, comorbidity, and natural history of each condition, followed by lengthy discussion of the evidence for various treatments.
GID is defined in the APA's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as "a strong and persistent cross-gender identification," one that is manifested in such activities as a preference for cross-dressing in boys or a predilection for male playmates in girls.
Ten women in each group met the criteria for either bulimia or a "binge-eating disorder" listed in the latest Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
Check out the latest edition of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, and you will see that Kramer's vision of arbitrary medicalization has already come to pass.
It is worth noting that "immigration" is included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (third edition, revised) (American Psychiatric Association, 1987) as an example of a psychosocial stressor to be included in the diagnostic Axis IV, severity of psychosocial stressors.
At least three separate conditions in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) - the bible of psychiatry -- applied to the 24-year-old woman, Unfortunately, each diagnosis held different implications for how best to help her.
A research team at Albert-Ludwigs University in Freiberg, Germany, developed the interview approach for sleep disorders based on the latest Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), published by the American Psychiatric Association.
The definition proposed by Rehabilitation Services Administration (1985) and the criteria established in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - Revised (1987) are explored to determine their implications for the identification process.
New categories should enter the guide, known as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), only if existing research convincingly documents their usefulness in identifying and treating patients, Pincus and his coauthors contend in the January AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY.
Full browser ?