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Related to diacylglycerol: Protein kinase C, triacylglycerol

di·ac·yl·glyc·er·ol (DAG),

Diglyceride; glycerol with two esterified acyl moieties, either 1,3-diacylglycerol or 1,2-diacylglycerol; if the two acyl groups are nonidentical, there are four possible isomers of 1,2-diacylglycerol; 1,2-diacylglycerol is an intermediate in the synthesis of triacylglycerols and of lecithin; also serves as a second messenger in stimulating the activity of protein kinase C.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Bosma et al., "Augmenting muscle diacylglycerol and triacylglycerol content by blocking fatty acid oxidation does not impede insulin sensitivity," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol.
Poitout, "Increasing triglyceride synthesis inhibits glucose-induced insulin secretion in isolated rat islets of Langerhans: a study using adenoviral expression of diacylglycerol acyltransferase," Endocrinology, vol.
Most of these enzymes encountered little change in their expression levels, except for phosphatidate phosphatase (PP) and diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT).
Diacylglycerol kinase, the focus of this study, plays a role in bacterial cell wall synthesis.
Lipases are a group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of triacylglycerols to diacylglycerol, monoacylglycerol, fattyacids and glycerols at the interface between aqueous and the lipid phase.
These two molecules ultimately generate inositol triphosphate and diacylglycerol which cause increased accumulation of intracellular calcium.
[7.] Revin VV, Yudanov MA, Revin ES, Maksimov GV, Grunyuskin IP (2006) Study of changes in the content of diacylglycerol in nerve excitation.
Oat oil is composed of a mixture of several lipids, including triglycerides (83.4%), diacylglycerol (8.9%), free fatty acids (6.8%), and phospholipids (0.9%), with smaller amounts of sterols, phosphatidylethanolamine, and other compounds.
Fatty acid synthase, hormone sensitive lipase, lipoprotein lipase, adipose triacylglycerol lipase, acyl-CoA, diacylglycerol acyltransferase 2, elongase of very long-chain fatty acid 6, and [DELTA]5 and [DELTA]6 fatty acid desaturase activity was detected and showed a negative trend with an increase of salinity, and no significant differences were found among salinity groups (P > 0.05).