detritivore

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detritivore

(dĭ-trī′tə-vôr′)
n.
An organism, such as a bacterium, fungus, or insect, that feeds on dead plant or animal matter.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

detritivore

an organism feeding on DETRITUS.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Herbivorous flies, all Tephritidae, contained lower N concentrations than predaceous or detritivorous flies after considering body mass.
In addition to arachnids, the cave-dwelling fauna includes vertebrates of many other groups, such as annelids, molluscs and insects, but they are always detritivorous or decomposer organisms, as the total darkness prevents plant growth and thus the existence of plant-eating animals.
This link could be attributed to enrichment of microbial biomass coupled with enhancement of nutrients of the decomposing leaves, required for diet of the detritivorous fish (Rajendran & Kathiresan 2000, 2007).
Our findings support Cummins' (1974) early speculation that detritivorous macroinvertebrates derive much of their carbon from microbes in streams (the so-called "peanut butter"), instead of from the detritus itself (the "cracker"), but we add that exopolymers may strengthen this bacterial-invertebrate trophic link.
The energy availability and nutrient cycling need to be elucidated; since the detritivorous species are abundant, in number and biomass.
The azotobacters which enrich nitrogen in the decomposing mangrove leaves may be a major factor in determining the palatability of detritus food to detritivorous animals like prawns.
One exception to the potential generality of the low N:P ratio of fish excretion is in systems with dense populations of detritivorous or herbivorous fishes that feed on low-P food (e.g., Brabrand et al.
The former species is omnivorous, and latter is detritivorous, both species feed on the reservoir's substrate that observes alternation may be a strategy to avoid competition.
Many species of derelomine flower weevils have adults which function as pollinators and predominantly detritivorous larvae that do not attack the infructescences or seeds of their host plants.
A prawn (Caridinia nilotica) has filled the detritivorous niche once occupied by 13 species of furu, and a sardine (Rastrineobola argentea) has taken the place of more than 20 species of planktivorous furu.