infanticide

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in·fan·ti·cide

(in-fan'ti-sīd),
1. The killing of an infant.
2. One who murders an infant.
[infant + L. caedo, to kill]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
The active or semi-passive killing of a viable conceptus at greater than 20 weeks of gestation, which has breathed spontaneously
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

infanticide

Forensic medicine The active or semi-passive killing of a viable conceptus > 20 gestational wks, which breathes spontaneously. See Battered child syndrome, Child abuse. Cf Stillbirth.
Infanticide, diagnosis of  
'Hard' criteria
•  Comparison of gastric fluid composition with that of a toilet bowel-active drowning
•  Peural surfaces with petechiae Seen in induced suffocation, most significant when coupled with hematomas and petechiae on the mouth and epiglottis; the lingual frenulum may be torn and the lips bruised, indicating active attempts to suffocate infant.
•  Lungs Stillbirth lungs are not aerated and do not float
•  Edematous foam on nostrils An indicator of active breathing
•  Meconium Resuscitation of a true stillborn may push meconium into the perianal region, but extensive staining of the placenta and umbilical cord is due to antenatal stress
'Soft' criteria
•  Denial of pregnancy If the woman is obese or a dullard, she may not know she was pregnant
•  Rigor mortis A finding that is poorly appreciated in neonates
•  Impression of the body in soil, blood, or fomites, requiring diligent and timely scene investigation
•  Maceration of skin A finding typical of stillbirth
•  Putrefaction Stillborns do not putrefy as they have sterile bowels
•  Umbilical cord A cut cord indicates active intervention-time undetermined; an intact cord is consistent with stillbirth
•  Determination of age Viability, most fetuses born before 18 wks of gestation die despite resuscitative efforts, age is determined by skeletal dating, antenatal studies corroborating fetal death, eg Spaulding sign of in utero death characterized by overlapping cranial bones  
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

in·fan·ti·cide

(in-fan'ti-sīd)
1. The killing of an infant.
2. One who murders an infant.
[infant + L. caedo, to kill]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

infanticide

Killing of an infant.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, the statistical techniques used here provide a robust option to test any qualitative characters used in the determination of age groups in geomyids.
after 21 years of age, gives a fairly accurate idea that however determination of age can only be in decades based on sole criteria of suture obliteration.
Justice Shaukat Aziz Siddiqui inquired from the counsel for petitioner " we had announced the decision in respect of petition filed in connection with determination of age of Shafqat Hussain.
Mehdi Khan advocate said " we had sent application to President of Pakistan for determination of age but our plea for determination along with our plea for mercy has not been heard.
Justice Athar Minallah remarked " inquiry held by interior ministry for determination of age of Shafqat Hussain bears no value after Supreme Court decision.
Justice Athar Minallah had earlier given remarks during the course of hearing of this case that " determination of age of the convict was not responsibility of administration.
In civil matters too like eligibility in sports according to various age groups and even nowadays in electronic media various competitions were held whereby only persons of specific age groups can be participated hence the determination of age has paramount importance.
OBSERVATIONS: Determination of age of fusion of epiphysis of lower end of femur was observed in skiagrames of 200 subjects of Agra region of Uttar Pradesh.
Cosmogenic isotopes have a wide array of geological and archeological applications including determination of ages of marine or lacustrine sediment layers, glacial ice, coral reefs, organic material, and exposure to the atmosphere or to space.
The idea of this work was to use these conditions of spectrofluorometric detection for determination of AGEs in serum ([[lambda].sub.ex], = 247 nm, [[lambda].sub.em] = 440 nm).