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a strategy that directs a researcher in planning and implementing a study in a way that is most likely to achieve the intended goal.
case study design an investigation strategy involving extensive exploration of a single unit of study, which may be a person, family, group, community, or institution, or a very small number of subjects who are examined intensively. The number of variables is usually very large.
cohort design longitudinal design.
cross-sectional design a research strategy in which one or more group(s) of subjects are studied at one given point in time.
experimental design a research design that eliminates all factors that influence outcome except for the cause being studied (independent variable). All other factors are controlled by randomization, investigator-controlled manipulation of the independent variable, and control of the study situation by the investigator, including the use of control groups.
longitudinal design a research strategy in which one or more group(s) of subjects in various stages of development are examined simultaneously with the intent of inferring trends over time. The assumption is that the phenomenon under study progresses with time. Called also cohort design.
methodological design a process used to develop the validity and reliability of instruments to measure constructs used as variables in research.
nonequivalent control group design a study design in which the control group is not selected by random means.
partial correlation design a design developed to eliminate the influence of a third variable on a relational pattern by holding it constant mathematically, so that the magnitude of the relationship between the two remaining variables can be determined.
path analysis design a design to determine the accuracy of a theoretical model: a hypothesized causal model is developed from the theoretical model and the major variables within it are measured and relationships among them determined; regression analysis is used to determine whether the data are consistent with the model.
survey design a design in which data are collected with questionnaires or through personal interviews with members of an identified population.
time dimensional design an investigation strategy for the examination of sequence and patterns of change, growth, or trends across time; see also prospective study and retrospective study.
trend design a research strategy to examine changes in the general population in relation to a particular phenomenon by means of data collected at predetermined intervals of time from different samples selected from the general population.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


(1) See Design configuration (clinical trials).
(2) A design for an application to support an action on electronic records (eClinical trials).
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.


See Double-masked design, Enrichment design, Experimental design, Masked study design, Open design, Rational molecular design, Single-masked design, Structure-based design, Universal design, Zelen design.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. To devise, plan, or contrive.
2. the act or result of designing.
[L. designo, to appoint, designate]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about design

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References in periodicals archive ?
Each W Hotel begins with a design philosophy formed by Starwood's in-house design team and is then fueled and delivered by a unique collaboration between the designers, architects, graphic designers, and W's Global Fashion and Music Directors.
"It wasn't an accident that OtisMed sought out the Stryker design philosophy to implement their technology," Treacy explained.
"My design philosophy is as diverse as my collection, (which) shows a mix of eastern and western inspirations," said upcoming young designer Fahad Hussain, known for edgy accessorizing and striking silhouettes.
"Forty years of creating excitement in the lighting industry, and adhering to its design philosophy of offering the finest quality material and finishes, have enabled Estiluz to offer a luminaire that will last a lifetime," he adds.
His design philosophy is very simple: The project should reflect the client's personality and taste.
Marking the third generation of the RX, the 450h adopts exterior and interior styling that is said to portray the latest expression of the brand's L-finesse design philosophy.
The brand hopes the new Delta will break that tradition as it shines a light on the brand's new design philosophy: imposing grille, dynamic front-end styling with a generous lower air intake, LED front accent lighting, high waist lines and trapezoidal rear pillars.
The Cheapo design philosophy is built on what they call "technotopia"--"a moving border somewhere between nature and technology." And yes dear Swedes, we might just be moving borders this summer to cop a pair.
Wartsila offers a color brochure that focuses attention on its design philosophy leading to the development of its lean-burn, spark-ignited Otto gas engine, the 34SG.
11 November 2006-15 April 2007 An in-depth look at the LA-based architectural firm explores 'Multicultural Modernism', the firm's distinctive design philosophy for creating meaningful architecture for the 21st century.
Executives at successful businesses realize that hiring an outside consultant can enable them to realize their goal of creating a workplace environment that embraces a humanistic design philosophy, and balances the needs of brand, business objectives, and the people in the workplace.

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