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a strategy that directs a researcher in planning and implementing a study in a way that is most likely to achieve the intended goal.
case study design an investigation strategy involving extensive exploration of a single unit of study, which may be a person, family, group, community, or institution, or a very small number of subjects who are examined intensively. The number of variables is usually very large.
cohort design longitudinal design.
cross-sectional design a research strategy in which one or more group(s) of subjects are studied at one given point in time.
experimental design a research design that eliminates all factors that influence outcome except for the cause being studied (independent variable). All other factors are controlled by randomization, investigator-controlled manipulation of the independent variable, and control of the study situation by the investigator, including the use of control groups.
longitudinal design a research strategy in which one or more group(s) of subjects in various stages of development are examined simultaneously with the intent of inferring trends over time. The assumption is that the phenomenon under study progresses with time. Called also cohort design.
methodological design a process used to develop the validity and reliability of instruments to measure constructs used as variables in research.
nonequivalent control group design a study design in which the control group is not selected by random means.
partial correlation design a design developed to eliminate the influence of a third variable on a relational pattern by holding it constant mathematically, so that the magnitude of the relationship between the two remaining variables can be determined.
path analysis design a design to determine the accuracy of a theoretical model: a hypothesized causal model is developed from the theoretical model and the major variables within it are measured and relationships among them determined; regression analysis is used to determine whether the data are consistent with the model.
survey design a design in which data are collected with questionnaires or through personal interviews with members of an identified population.
time dimensional design an investigation strategy for the examination of sequence and patterns of change, growth, or trends across time; see also prospective study and retrospective study.
trend design a research strategy to examine changes in the general population in relation to a particular phenomenon by means of data collected at predetermined intervals of time from different samples selected from the general population.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


(1) See Design configuration (clinical trials).
(2) A design for an application to support an action on electronic records (eClinical trials).
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.


See Double-masked design, Enrichment design, Experimental design, Masked study design, Open design, Rational molecular design, Single-masked design, Structure-based design, Universal design, Zelen design.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. To devise, plan, or contrive.
2. the act or result of designing.
[L. designo, to appoint, designate]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about design

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References in periodicals archive ?
Ashman and his co-directors want to expand Conka from a predominantly product design company into one that has its own recognised brand in the retail market.
He said the company had arranged a meeting with the London interior design company to explore further commissions and said a website would "target interior design companies with displays of our capabilities."
Germano, CPA, J.D., Actuarial Benefits & Design Company, Midlothian, VA, and Member, AICPA Tax Executive Committee, and Lisa A.
Bridal gift design company Nambe wanted to get in on the action when gay and lesbian couples began marrying in Massachusetts--and decided to do it with crystal.
TrendChip Technologies Corporation, a broadband communication IC design company in Taiwan, and UMC, a semiconductor foundry (NYSE:UMC), have announced that TrendChip delivered the first ADSL2+ solution in Asia using UMC's 0.18 micron process technology.
Design company Wheaton Associates worked with County Park to come up with new branding for the meals, to give a more modern look and a fresh appeal to the consumer--the products are now boxed, having previously been packaged in sleeves.
The commercial interior design company at Henley-in-Arden has been appointed to carry out extensive refurbishment works to the Hampshire Stand at Newbury Racecourse but it must be done in record time.
Chiba, 63, who was president of the Osaka Prefecture-based cleaning equipment leasing company at the time, ordered Duskin to pay an Osaka design company called Spice for designing free items given out by its affiliate, the Mister Donut chain, they said.
Edwards of the space-elevator design company Eureka Scientific in Berkeley, Calif., replies: "If you go through the math quantitatively, the angular momentum for the climbers requires a pound or so of force over the one-week travel time, and we do that easily with our many tons of material in the anchor and the counterweight."
McElheny's recent projects address the legacy of modernism, from Adolf Loos's anti-ornamental screeds of the early twentieth century (to which McElheny responds with Adolf Loos, 2001, a group of exquisite white glass objects shown in rectangular all-white vitrines) to reproductions of colorful "feminine-shaped" works by the glass design company Venini, which in the '50s had sought to engage with haute couture.
The course is the result of a partnership between Palmer Course Design Company, Landscapes Unlimited, and the National Arbor Day Foundation.
is a privately held, Canadian biopharmaceutical and chemistry-driven rational drug design company focused on the inhibition of quality enzyme targets associated with disease.

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