morpheme

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Related to Derivational morpheme: Inflectional morpheme

mor·pheme

(mōr'fēm),
The smallest linguistic unit with a meaning.
[G. morphē, form + -eme, from phoneme, G. phēmē, utterance]

morpheme

The smallest semantically meaningful unit of a spoken language (words, prefixes or suffixes) that have discrete meanings. The formal study of morphemes is termed morphology.

morpheme

(mor'fem)
The smallest meaningful grammatical unit in a language (e.g., the s in “beds”).
See: phoneme

morpheme

The smallest element of speech that conveys either factual or grammatical information. Compare with phoneme which is a speech sound that serves to distinguish one word from another.
References in periodicals archive ?
They did not contain phonological segments similar to those corresponding to derivational morphemes of Portuguese.
tambem 'also' instead of igualmente 'also'), or through the preservation of the lexical morpheme and substitution of derivational morphemes by synonymous ones (e.g.
Furthermore, bare verbs (e.g., git '[to] go', uyu '[to] sleep') are not morphological words because verbal forms must ultimately be followed by subject pronominal markers (or receive derivational morphemes) to qualify for a morphological word status.
When we look at other types of nonverbal constructions that involve the coordination of Noun Phrases, the morphological wordhood of non-final conjuncts also holds to be a crucial requirement for the suspension of all nominal affixes except for (i) derivational morphemes, and (ii) the possessive when it co-occurs with the plural morpheme.
The sequence of two Early Romani morphemes (Layer I, Layer II), carrying case (Layer I and II), number and gender (only Layer II), has been reanalyzed and, through the extension of the less marked morpheme -es-, it is now a single derivational morpheme. The Early Romani agreement marker is now the exponent of gender and number of the derivative (thus it is not anymore an agreement marker).
(16) With the bleaching of synthetic genitive marking, these nominalizations have been reanalyzed and Layer II had to be considered as a derivational morpheme. Being Layer I weakened by obsolescence and being the inherent gender of the noun now marked by the final ex-agreement marker -o/-i, marking gender at the Layer I level became irrelevant, and thus we had morphological levelling (that interestingly has two different outcomes in the two varieties).
If explained in a simple way as above, the distinction between inflectional and derivational morphemes could be understood with only a modicum of difficulty.
Linguists would rather refer to {ility} as attached to "compres-si-ble", or, to be in agreement with the general opinion, they would regard "bility" as representing two derivational morphemes, i.e.
In this work, zero derivation is derivation without derivational morphemes. In English, this includes the relationship that holds between the verb to play and the noun play, in which no formal contrast is involved, as well as between the verb to sing and the noun song, which differ from each other as to their root vowel.
We can assume that something similar happens with derivational morphemes and word formation patterns, so that the semantic map methodology can be further applied to the analysis of word formation.
I will exemplify the possible functions and formal realizations of Philippine-type derivational prefixes and will show that, in at least one language family, preroot derivational morphemes may have quite diverse realizations in their form, and their production: from prefixes to derivational proclitics to unbounded phonological sequences.