dental

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dental

 [den´t'l]
pertaining to the teeth.
dental assistant a specially trained health care worker who provides direct support to the dentist. An educationally qualified dental assistant may be delegated to do intraoral procedures that do not require the professional skill and judgment of a dentist. Although not all states require formal education for dental assistants, minimum educational standards include a program of approximately one academic year. Dental assistants may take the Certification Examination administered by the Dental Assisting National Board and earn the title of a Certified Dental Assistant (CDA). Some state boards of dentistry register dental assistants (RDA) after completion of a state-administered examination. Dental assistants may be members of their professional organization, the American Dental Assistants Association (ADAA), whose address is American Dental Assistants Association, 203 N. LaSalle St., Chicago, IL 60601.
dental caries a process of demineralization of tooth enamel, leading to destruction of enamel and dentin, with cavitation of the tooth. Decayed and infected teeth can be the source of other infections throughout the body, and decayed or missing teeth can interfere with proper chewing of food, leading to nutritional deficiencies or disorders of digestion. Called also tooth decay.
Causes. The causes are not completely understood, but certain facts are known. Tooth decay seems to be a disease of civilization, possibly associated with refined foods. Lack of dental cleanliness is also closely associated. Decay occurs where food and bacteria such as Lactobacillus species and Streptococcus mutans adhere to the surface of the teeth, especially in pits or crevices, and form dental plaque. It is believed that the action of the bacteria on sugars and starches creates lactic acid, which can quickly and permanently dissolve tooth enamel. The acid produced in just 20 minutes after sugar comes into contact with plaque is enough to begin this process. In most people this occurs whenever sweet foods are eaten; thus, eating of sweet or starchy foods between meals or at bedtime can be harmful to the teeth unless they are thoroughly brushed and rinsed immediately afterward. Decay that is not treated will progress through the enamel and dentin into the pulp, which contains the nerves. When it reaches the pulp, it can cause intense pain. There is no relief until the pulp dies or is removed or the tooth is extracted.
Treatment. The treatment for tooth decay consists of elimination of the pathogenic microorganisms that cause it, along with regular dental care. Enamel that has been destroyed does not grow back. The decay must be removed and the cavity filled. fillings (or restorations) may be of gold foil, baked porcelain, synthetic cements, silver amalgam, or cast gold inlays. When decay has reached the pulp, formerly extraction was usually necessary. Whenever possible, however, the exposed pulp is re-covered, or capped, and the tooth is then filled. New techniques of root canal therapy are saving many teeth that would formerly have been lost.
Prevention.
Flossing and Brushing the Teeth. Cleanliness is the best weapon against caries and periodontitis. Bacteria and food particles must be removed before the enamel is penetrated. This means thorough brushing regularly each day, preferably after every meal. If it is impossible to brush after every meal, it is helpful to rinse the mouth by swishing water vigorously back and forth between and around the teeth. When the teeth are brushed, food particles that lodge between the teeth should also be removed with dental floss.

The dental floss should be strung tightly between the two index fingers or between the bows of a floss holder. Flossing and brushing should be done in an orderly sequence so that no area is neglected. The usual pattern is beginning at the upper right, progressing to the upper left, and then from the lower left to the lower right. The floss is gently inserted between the teeth and pulled against the surface of one tooth to a point slightly under the tissue of the gum. It is then moved up and down for several strokes. The adjacent tooth is cleaned in the same manner.

The “sulcular” technique for brushing the teeth is so called because the bristles of the brush are worked beneath the free gingival margin and into the space between the tooth and the gum (the sulcus). To accomplish this the bristles are placed at a 45 degree angle to the gum line. Pressure is then used to move the brush back and forth in a circular motion. The brushing is continued around the mouth in the same pattern as the flossing.

A disclosing dye may be used to determine the presence of plaque on the teeth. Flavored mouthwash does not reduce plaque formation and is useful only to moisturize the tissues and improve mouth taste. (See also mouth care.)
Proper Diet. In order to help maintain healthy teeth, the diet should include all the essential elements of good nutrition. Tooth decay can be reduced by limiting the intake of certain forms of sugar, especially the rich or highly concentrated ones such as in candy or rich desserts.
fluoridation is another important means of preventing caries. Many communities whose water is lacking in an adequate natural supply of fluoride add the chemical to their water supply. In communities that do not have fluoridation, dental professionals may add a fluoride solution directly to the teeth or may suggest other means of obtaining fluoride protection.
Correction of Malocclusion. Another factor leading to tooth decay is malocclusion (poor position of the teeth), which results in faulty closure of the jaws and uneven meeting of the teeth. This should be corrected early because it also can lead to inadequate nutrition because of difficulty in chewing, and if it is severe enough to distort the face, it may have psychologic effects.

den·tal

(den'tăl),
Relating to the teeth.
[L. dens, tooth]

dental

(dĕn′tl)
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or for the teeth: dental caps.
2. Of, relating to, or intended for dentistry: dental work; dental bills.

den·tal

(den'tăl)
Relating to the teeth.

dental

Pertaining to the teeth or to dentistry.

den·tal

(den'tăl)
Relating to the teeth.

Patient discussion about dental

Q. Can I treat dental Caries with antibiotics? I heard it’s a contagious disease, which means there are bacteria causing it. That means I can kill them by taking antibiotics no?

A. Your mouth has 500 different known bacteria in it. And a large amount of viruses and fungus. Taking antibiotics will not stop them from destroying your teeth. Maintaining good oral hygiene will, and with much less side effects…

Q. Can dental anesthesia trigger a heart attack? I have heart problems and about to go to the dentist to do a root canal.

A. Well, it's a very very rare complication, and one that dentists know how to and should avoid, but if the anesthetic substance reach a blood vessel it may cause problems with the functions of the heart (mainly the heart rhythm, less commonly the normal heart attack).

However, if you have heart problem, especially problems with the valves of the heart you should inform your doctor and your dentist - you may need to receive antibiotics prior to the dental procedure in order to prevent infective endocarditis (infection of the heart valves).

You may read more here:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/MEDLINEPLUS/ency/article/001098.htm
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/dentalhealth.html

Q. Dental Caries and Stress are related? Can it be possible that dental caries (cavities) be caused by stress? It seems to me that it can, because stress can cause all kinds of other health problems then why can't it also cause cavities. I have tried to find answers to question online, but have been unsuccessful. Sure would be great to know the answer to this.

A. if you understand the question "dental carries and stress are related?"

there are many factors that cause cavities ...

- poor hygiene
- poor diet
- malnutrition
- disease or illness
- and stress

it is well documented in the medical and alternative fields

More discussions about dental
References in periodicals archive ?
The ACA enables stand-alone dental plans to provide the required pediatric dental essential health benefit on the Exchanges separate and distinct from a Qualified Health Plan.
Committee staff found that nearly 400,000 of the enrollments were for stand-alone dental plans. Subtracting these from total enrollments would have dropped total enrollment just below the goal of seven million.
The public exchanges run by HHS offer stand-alone dental plans but do not require parents of young children or other exchange users to buy dental coverage.
The problem was compounded when dental plans assigned to patients through Medicaid managed care required the patients' new orthodontists to recertify claims for orthodontic treatment, and many of those claims were denied.
When it comes to competitive PPO dental plans, the network is one of the most important aspects to consider because it can bring added value.
The same holds true of dental plans, which can reduce costs over the long term and increaese overall health.
Delta Dental Plan of Indiana is operated by the Delta Dental Plan of Michigan, which also operates Delta Dental Plan of Ohio.
The University of Kentucky College of Dentistry will use its half of the $1.5 million (the University of Louisville School of Dentistry received tho other half), which is the largest gift in the college's history, for the Delta Dental Plan of Kentucky Clinical Research Center.
* Enrolled in an employers' dental plan that isn't available to family members
dental plan to increase the panel of available dentists, the number of physicians, and that the current life insurance be increased from $35,000 to 40,000.
Guided by Williams, Gaines was able to clarify her career and life goals, eventually moving from the East Coast to the less-stressful Midwest to take a job as marketing manager for Delta Dental Plan of Michigan in Lansing.
Negotiators also replaced one of their dental plans with a new optional prepaid dental plan and retained the Rohr dental plan with no further employee contributions.