Cervical Spine SLIC Score 0-3 5 SLIC Score 4 0 SLIC Score >4 3 Table 4: Denis Classification
. Number % Number of Columns Involved 1 Column 12 38.7 2 Columns 9 29.0 3 Columns 10 32.2 Column Injuries Anterior 20 52.6 Middle 18 47.4 Posterior 20 52.6 Columns Involved Anterior only 3 7.9 Middle only 0 0.0 Posterior only 9 23.7 Anterior/Middle 11 28.9 Posterior/Middle 1 2.6 Anterior/Middle/Posterior 10 26.3
The following variables were considered: age, gender, height, weight, body mass index, race, city, dominance, family antecedents of foot pathology, Pfeiffer rearfoot angle (1) (defined by the angle formed by the upper part of the Achilles tendon with the direction of the distal insertion on the calcaneus), Denis classification (4), Jack test (6), and Root test.
Flat-footedness was classified according to the Denis classification, and children were determined as flat-footed if they had at least one type 1 in one of their feet.
Table 3 shows the findings of the Denis classification per age group with significant differences between the 3- to 5-year-old group and the older children, and there was only one patient with flatfoot Denis (3).
Also, by using Stahely's index, which is the division of the width of the foot at the median part of the foot in the arch, over the width of the heel, where the normal values are between 0.75 and 1.35; some type 1 flat feet cases, according to the Denis classification, could be considered normal.