infanticide

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in·fan·ti·cide

(in-fan'ti-sīd),
1. The killing of an infant.
2. One who murders an infant.
[infant + L. caedo, to kill]
The active or semi-passive killing of a viable conceptus at greater than 20 weeks of gestation, which has breathed spontaneously

infanticide

Forensic medicine The active or semi-passive killing of a viable conceptus > 20 gestational wks, which breathes spontaneously. See Battered child syndrome, Child abuse. Cf Stillbirth.
Infanticide, diagnosis of  
'Hard' criteria
•  Comparison of gastric fluid composition with that of a toilet bowel-active drowning
•  Peural surfaces with petechiae Seen in induced suffocation, most significant when coupled with hematomas and petechiae on the mouth and epiglottis; the lingual frenulum may be torn and the lips bruised, indicating active attempts to suffocate infant.
•  Lungs Stillbirth lungs are not aerated and do not float
•  Edematous foam on nostrils An indicator of active breathing
•  Meconium Resuscitation of a true stillborn may push meconium into the perianal region, but extensive staining of the placenta and umbilical cord is due to antenatal stress
'Soft' criteria
•  Denial of pregnancy If the woman is obese or a dullard, she may not know she was pregnant
•  Rigor mortis A finding that is poorly appreciated in neonates
•  Impression of the body in soil, blood, or fomites, requiring diligent and timely scene investigation
•  Maceration of skin A finding typical of stillbirth
•  Putrefaction Stillborns do not putrefy as they have sterile bowels
•  Umbilical cord A cut cord indicates active intervention-time undetermined; an intact cord is consistent with stillbirth
•  Determination of age Viability, most fetuses born before 18 wks of gestation die despite resuscitative efforts, age is determined by skeletal dating, antenatal studies corroborating fetal death, eg Spaulding sign of in utero death characterized by overlapping cranial bones  

in·fan·ti·cide

(in-fan'ti-sīd)
1. The killing of an infant.
2. One who murders an infant.
[infant + L. caedo, to kill]

infanticide

Killing of an infant.
References in periodicals archive ?
In associating the non-psychotic denial of pregnancy phenomenon with the disallow mechanism, we perceive the disallow mechanism of the perceptive links related to the cases of women who are unaware that they are pregnant, not perceiving typical symptoms of pregnancy at the beginning of the gestation period.
Goncalves and Macedo (2012b) consider that, at the root of this phenomenon, lies a traumatic event, which would explain why women who experience non-psychotic denial of pregnancy cannot consciously accept the fact they are pregnant.
The denial of pregnancy is serving, in these cases, as a shield against a traumatic condition, as recognizing the sexual act would provoke an intense anxiety.
In his discussion of psychopathological structure, Chaulet (2011) considers that non-psychotic denial of pregnancy is related to the borderline issue.
This deficit on otherness in situations of non-psychotic denial of pregnancy is proposed by Goncalves and Macedo (2012b), based on the concept described by Moraes and Macedo (2011), called "Indifference Experience".
Considering that non-psychotic denial of pregnancy is not a rare phenomenon; taking into account the important deficits that it produces in the physical and psychological health of these women; bearing in mind the complications to a baby's health as well as the consequences in the relationship and bond between a mothers and children, it is important to explore and to investigate the psychic dynamics through more psychoanalytical essays and papers in order to better understand this phenomenon.