(58.) These 13 data variables are: (1) CIRI's extrajudicial killing measure; (2) CIRI's torture measure; (3) CIRI's political imprisonment measure; (4) CIRI's disappearance measure; (5) Hawathaway's torture measure; (6) the Ill-Treatment and Torture Data Collection Project's torture measure; (7) the Political Terror Scale (PTS) Project's state department based political terror scale; (8) PTS's Amnesty International based political terror scale; (9) Harff and Gurr's massive repressive events measure; (10) Political Instability Task Force's genocide and politicide measure; (11) Rummel's genocide and democide
measure; (12) the Uppsala Conflict Data Program's government killing measure; and (13) the World Handbook of Political and Social Indicators' political execution measures.
They thus killed vast numbers of innocent peasants and townsfolk, possibly as many as 8,000 in Kraguyevats, 5 1,755 in Kraljevo, 6 and overall 80,000 in Jajinci, 7 to name just in a few places in Yugoslavia alone." Quoted from DEMOCIDE
: NAZI GENOCIDE AND MASS MURDER at: https://www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/NAZIS.CHAP1.HTM.From:From Chapter 1 in R.J.
In spite of the church's heinous history of sex abuse--as well as aligning with Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini; implementing the Inquisition and Crusades, the Magdalene laundries, and witch-hunts; and supporting democide
and slavery in the Americas, Africa, and Australia--upholding naive, illusory ideas of spiritual infallibility and idealized notions of virtue trumps accountability and objective reality.
In a century or so of what he termed "democide
The horrifying examples of Soviet and Maoist democide
illustrate the devastating hazards of pursuing equality at the costs of humanity.
Statistics on Democide
. Charlottesville, VA: Center on National Security and Law, University of Virginia.
Statistics on Democide
. Center on National Security and Law, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA; https://www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/NOTE5.HTM
Rummel, for example, devoted his career to studying "democide
," mass murder of innocent civilians by their own governments.
To all these deaths one must add the victims of "periodic famines or starvation." Five to seven million alone perished in 1932 and 1933 in southern Russia, the north Caucasus, and the Ukraine (this was a war against the independent peasantry--a democide
if you will--and not an ethnic genocide).
Consequently, the worst abuses in history--wars, democide
, (31) the legalizing and enforcing of slavery, the confiscation of property, and more--have been caused by governments.
It is a policy of democide
in my view - where the state intentionally or knowingly has a reckless and depraved disregard for life.
Rummell has used the term "democide
" to describe "the murder of any person or people by their government, including genocide, politicide and mass murder".