Delphi technique


Also found in: Dictionary, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Delphi technique: Nominal group technique

Delphi technique

 [del´fi]
a method of measuring the judgments of a group of experts, assessing priorities, or making forecasts. A questionnaire is sent to a panel of experts and the responses are summarized and subjected to statistical analysis. The outcome of the analysis is returned to the panel along with a second questionnaire. This procedure is repeated until a consensus is reached by the panel.
An iterative group judgement technique in which a central source forwards surveys or questionnaires to isolated, anonymous—to each other—participants whose responses are collated/summarised and recirculated to the participants in multiple rounds for further modification/critique, producing a final group response
References in periodicals archive ?
In late 2006, CRCI's PAC, in conjunction with the CRCI's management team, used the Delphi Technique to determine their goals for the upcoming year.
The Delphi technique has been used for many years, for many issues, and in many ways, including higher education (Pollard, 1995; Miller & Olsen, 1998), long-range planning (Tersine & Riggs, 1976), and in the evaluation of laboratory managers (Zinn, Zalokowski & Hunter, 2001) and facilities managers (Hicks & McNay, 1999; Green & Price, 2000).
Keywords: online game, RPG, customer loyalty, factor analysis, OLS, decision tree, Delphi Technique Received 16 Aug 2003: Received and accepted 11 Oct.
The research design employs the Delphi technique. This technique, developed by RAND, has been demonstrated as appropriate in a variety of health care settings to establish priorities.
The Delphi technique is an established method for obtaining consensus (Duffield, 1993), and has been used to identify problems, define needs, establish priorities, plan curriculum, and identify and evaluate related solutions (Jairath & Weinstein, 1994; Ziglio, 1996).
The value analysis method typically relies on a Delphi technique, which begins with selecting a group of "experts." If a proposed strategic investment involves, say, introducing a new company-wide IT system, then a representative group of managers from throughout the firm would be appropriate.
Chapter 4 discusses how to construct interview questions, different types of interview structures (informal, guided and structured), and the practical processes involved in conducting interviews, including telephone and focus group interviews, the nominal group process and the Delphi technique. Chapter 5 focuses on participant observation (overt and covert) and discusses the role of the researcher, sampling, validity and reliability.
Believing that those working with the very old (for example aged care workers, district and geriatric nurses, ministers of religion) would have a good understanding of their needs, I decided to use the Delphi technique. The name comes from Greek mythology.
* Consulting others: Establishing specific research techniques (e.g., Delphi Technique) for polling persons who have specific knowledge or information about a particular subject.
The Delphi technique can be used when it is difficult to get participants together.