gastroparesis

(redirected from Delayed Gastric Emptying)
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Related to Delayed Gastric Emptying: Bezoars

gastroparesis

 [gas″tro-pah-re´sis]
paralysis of the stomach; called also gastroparalysis and gastroplegia.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

gas·tro·pa·re·sis

(gas'trō-pă-rē'sis, -par'ĕ-sis),
Weakness of gastric peristalsis, which results in delayed emptying of the bowels.
[gastro- + G. paresis, a letting go, paralysis]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

gastroparesis

(găs′trō-pə-rē′sĭs, -păr′ĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. gastropare·ses (-sēz′)
A disorder characterized by delayed movement of food from the stomach into the small intestine because of impaired stomach motility, resulting in nausea, vomiting, and a feeling of fullness.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

gastroparesis

Partial paralysis of gastric smooth muscle, resulting in retention of food.

Aetiology
Autonomic neuropathy due to diabetes, gastric surgery, vagal nerve damage, viral infections, medications (e.g., anticholinergics and narcotics), gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD/GORD), smooth muscle disease (amyloidosis, scleroderma), metabolic disease (e.g. hypothyroidism).

Clinical findings
Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, bloating, loss of appetite, gastric muscle spasms, variable glucose levels.

Diagnosis
Upper GI endoscopy, ultrasonography, radio contrast studies, gastric emptying scintigraphy, breath test, Smart Pill.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

gas·tro·pa·re·sis

(gas'trō-păr-ē'sis)
A slight degree of gastroparalysis.
[gastro- + G. paresis, a letting go, paralysis]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Gastroparesis

Nerve damage of the stomach that delays or stops stomach emptying, resulting in nausea, vomiting, bloating, discomfort, and weight loss.
Mentioned in: Sildenafil Citrate
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

gas·tro·pa·re·sis

(gas'trō-păr-ē'sis)
Weakness of gastric peristalsis, resulting in delayed emptying of the bowels.
[gastro- + G. paresis, a letting go, paralysis]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about gastroparesis

Q. is anyone following a diet for gastroparesis? i developed a bezoar in the stomach, as a result of gastroparesis and it caused internal bleeding, was wondering of anyone else has or knows someone who has had a similar experience

A. brandon

well i had vegus nerve severed also many years ago (forty or so) never gave me trble till recently everything seems ok rite now, but i think it may br an ongoing thing

thanks

Q. I have just been diagnosed with gastroparesis. I'am looking for more info on treatment and experiences...

A. In most cases, treatment does not cure gastroparesis—it is usually a chronic condition. Treatment helps you manage the condition so you can be as healthy and comfortable as possible..there are medications that helps like Metoclopramide (Reglan) that stimulates stomach muscle contractions to help emptying. and dietary changes (having 6 small meals instead of big three..) and there even clinical trials with Botulinum Toxin that might be helpful, but still in research.

More discussions about gastroparesis
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References in periodicals archive ?
Four hours GES is recommended now a days because of variable patterns being observed at two and four hours on radionuclide gastric emptying studies.7 Delayed gastric emptying is one of the most reported pathophysiological mechanisms in post prandial distress patients.8,9 However, these guidelines could not be implemented internationally because of multiple geographical and non-geographical factors.
This is also a transient delayed gastric emptying FD model.
found delayed gastric emptying (even though associated with lesser postprandial hyperglycemia) to paradoxically induce a tendency towards higher glycemic levels throughout the day at continuous glucose monitoring measurements and therefore to favour, in time, a worsened glycemic control [53].
McCallum, "Abnormal gastric myoelectrical activity and delayed gastric emptying in patients with symptoms suggestive of gastroparesis", Digestive Diseases and Sciences, vol.
Incidence of Delayed Gastric Emptying. Four studies reported the incidence of delayed gastric emptying after PD; there was a significant heterogeneity among studies ([I.sup.2] = 61%); therefore the random model was use d.
During endoscopy, the most consistent feature is the presence of food bezoar (9 cases; 47.4%) because of the delayed gastric emptying, which is often accompanied by an inflamed and/or ulcerated gastric mucosa (12 cases; 63.2%).
Sarcina genus bacteria have been associated with many gastric disorders, especially in humans, young or adult, as in cases of delayed gastric emptying and gastric outlet obstruction (LAM-HIMLIN et al., 2011).
These also reduce gastric emptying and increase satiety due to delayed gastric emptying. They also reduce food ingestion due to effects on brain.
"Delayed gastric emptying rate may explain improved glycaemia in healthy subjects to a starchy meal with added vinegar," Eur J Clin Nutr, volume 52, 1998.
Various professional associations for both surgery (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS)) and anaesthesiology (Canadian, American, European, and South African (SA) society guidelines) (Table 1) support more modern nil per mouth guidelines of 6 hours for solids and only 2 hours for clear fluids, even in some instances for some patient subgroups known to have delayed gastric emptying. It has been suggested that minimising the preoperative fasting period, by allowing the consumption of oral carbohydrate-containing clear fluids with or without protein, has a number of clinical advantages, including more stable haemodynamics during induction of anaesthesia, greater glycaemic stability, reduced lean tissue catabolism, and a more positive patient experience.
Among the disorders they discovered were delayed gastric emptying, irritable bowel syndrome, chronic pancreatitis, gastric foreign body and giardiasis.
Gastroparesis is characterized by upper gastrointestinal symptoms associated with delayed gastric emptying, without mechanical obstruction.

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