defense

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defense

 [de-fens´]
behavior directed to protection of the individual from injury.
character defense any character trait, e.g., a mannerism, attitude, or affectation, which serves as a defense mechanism.
insanity defense a legal concept that a person cannot be convicted of a crime if he lacked criminal responsibility by reason of insanity at the time of commission of the crime.
defense mechanism in psychology, an unconscious mental process or coping pattern that lessens the anxiety associated with a situation or internal conflict and protects the person from mental discomfort. In the theory of psychoanalysis, the ego, following the reality principle, conforms to the demands of the outside world, but the id (repressed unconscious), following the pleasure principle, pursues immediate gratification of desires and reduction of psychic tension. The superego (conscience or morality) may take either side. Defense mechanisms develop in order to control impulses or feelings that lead to inner conflicts, to reach compromises between conflicting impulses, and to reduce inner tensions. They help to manage or avoid anxiety, aggression, hostility, resentment, and frustration. Defense mechanisms are not pathological in themselves; they can be a means of dealing with unbearable situations. Among the most common defense mechanisms are denial, displacement, identification, projection, rationalization, reaction-formation, repression, and sublimation.
defense reaction a mental reaction that shuts out from consciousness ideas not acceptable to the ego. See also defense mechanism.

de·fense

(dē-fents'),
The psychological mechanisms used to control anxiety, for example, rationalization, projection.
[L. defendo, to ward off]
Forensic psychology See Character Defence, Denim Defense, Insanity Defence
Immunology A mechanism by which an organism protects itself from foreign antigens and pathogens
Malpractice Any legal argument offered by a defendant that would either preclude or mitigate recovery of damages for a wrong allegedly committed by the defendant
Microbiology See Antibiotic resistance
Psychology A mechanism by which a person minimises harm to his/her psyche or by which one controls anxiety

defense

Medical malpractice Any legal argument offered by a defendant that would either preclude or mitigate recovery of damages for a wrong allegedly committed by a defendant. See Affirmative defense, Black rage defense, Character defense, Insanity defense Psychology A mechanism by which a person minimizes harm to his/her psyche or to control anxiety. See Defense mechanism.

de·fense

(dĕ-fens')
1. The psychological mechanisms used to control anxiety, e.g., rationalization, projection.
2. Any protective posture, drug, or device.
Synonym(s): defence.
[L. defendo, to ward off]

de·fense

(dĕ-fens')
1. The psychological mechanisms used to control anxiety.
2. Any protective posture, drug, or device.
Synonym(s): defence.
[L. defendo, to ward off]

Patient discussion about defense

Q. How have people coped with dealing with depression? I have bi-polar II mixed disorder and I have been a candidate for no medication. I haven't taken medication for the last 3 years. I've recently been struggling with alleviating my depression.

A. The book is called An Unquiet Mind.
Nicholas, talk to your friends and family, tell them what goes on in your head during episodes, tell them what your journey has been like with this illness. Give them an opportunity to ask questions, teach them what your triggers are. Teach them what you want them to do when you are experiencing a mania or a depression. You are your own best tool when teaching the ones you love about this illness.
Good luck, I am sure if you open up and talk to them about it they will listen and learn, you will make them better people for it.

More discussions about defense
References in periodicals archive ?
When defense mechanisms are used frequently, they can be very harmful.
5.) Application level defense mechanisms Application level attack is implemented to defend against the defense mechanisms.
Some researchers have investigated the defense mechanism for the attacks against application servers.
Understanding the nature of a person's psychological defense mechanisms, their complexity, and the individual's ability to apply them to novel situations is crucial to understanding how the person will react when confronted with a stressful stimulus (Williams & Anderson, 1997).
Lewis and Junyk (1997) noted that the classical psychoanalytic construct of defense mechanisms has been modified and extended by theorists in many schools of thought in modern psychology, from psychoanalysis to social-personality psychology to emotion theory.
Defense mechanisms are healthy and certainly can keep us entertained, but saying "I knew it would happen" holds little water without a contingency plan.
The elimination of tariffs and non-tariff barriers indicates that Europe's old defense mechanisms are slowly dissipating.
Homeopathy is a school of medicine that uses small doses of specially prepared plants, minerals and animal products to stimulate the defense mechanisms of the human body and promote healing.
"I know how to do the drugs, how to control the dosages, and how to use other drugs to avoid the side effects" is the rhetoric used as defense mechanisms.
Some scientists have even speculated that, by stimulating the body's defense mechanisms, radon can help prevent lung cancer.
Criminals frequently employ these defense mechanisms to rationalize their actions, to project blame onto someone or something else, and to minimize their crimes.
In examining the coping patterns of American soldiers who fought in Vietnam and concentration camp survivors during the Holocaust, studies concluded that exposure to stressful events "outside the range of human experience"(1) has an adverse effect on a person's mental health, and results in a variety of immediate or delayed symptoms ranging from mild anxiety and insomnia to full blown psychoses and suicide.(2 3 4 5 6 7) Other accounts focused on the remarkable adaptive and reintegrative abilities of civilians during war trauma.(8 9 10 11) A number of psychological processes (defense mechanisms, particularly denial), personality traits and environmental variables (support systems and control over one's environment) were found to influence the nature and outcome of coping.(12 13 14 15)

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