(16) As previously mentioned by the present writer, (4) when interpreting the freedom of conscience clause and terminations of pregnancy the courts may consider the World Medical Association's Declaration of Oslo, (17) because although it is not law and merely an ethical code, South Africa is a member of the World Medical Association and the South African medical profession should subscribe to its provisions.
(17.) World Medical Association Declaration of Oslo adopted by the 24th World Medical Assembly, Oslo, Norway, August 1970 and amended by the 35th World Medical Assembly, Venice, Italy, 1983 and the 57th WMA General Assembly, Pilanesberg, South Africa, October 2006.
This is consistent with the Declaration of Oslo
, (23) which states: 'If a physician considers that his convictions do not allow him to advise or perform an abortion, he may withdraw while ensuring the continuity of medical care by a qualified colleague'.