maternal death

(redirected from Death in childbirth)

ma·ter·nal death

death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days after the termination of gestation, irrespective of the duration and site of pregnancy and the cause of death; two periods are recognized in the 42-day interval: period one includes day 1-day 7; period two includes day 8- day 42. Maternal deaths are further classified as: direct maternal death, death resulting from obstetric complications of the gestation, labor, or puerperium, and from interventions, omissions, incorrect treatment, or a chain of events caused by any of the above; indirect maternal death, an obstetric death resulting from previously existing disease or from disease developing during pregnancy, labor, or the puerperium; it is not directly due to obstetric causes, but to conditions aggravated by the physiologic effects of pregnancy.

maternal death

As defined in the UK, death of the mother during pregnancy or within 6 weeks of delivery (late maternal death encompasses up to 1 year post delivery), which is divided into direct causes (e.g., pulmonary embolus, eclampsia) and indirect cause (e.g., cardiovascular disease, suicide, diabetes).

Risk factors for maternal death
Social disadvantage, poverty, minority ethnic group, late booking/poor attendance, obesity, domestic violence, substance abuse, suboptimal clinical care, lack of interprofessional/ interagency communication.

Direct causes of maternal death
Thromboembolism (most direct common cause), hypertensive disease of pregnancy (pre-eclampsia and eclampsia), haemorrhage, amniotic fluid embolism, deaths in early pregnancy (ectopic pregnancy, spontaneous miscarriage, abortion), genital tract sepsis, genital tract trauma, acute fatty liver of pregnancy, anaesthesia-related.

Indirect causes of maternal death
Suicide (most common indirect cause), cardiac, CNS haemorrhage, epilepsy, infections, malignancy.

Coincidental maternal death
RTA/MVA.

ma·ter·nal death

(mă-tĕrnăl deth)
Demise of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days after the termination of gestation, irrespective of the duration and site of pregnancy and the cause of death.
References in periodicals archive ?
Using data from 137 countries, Wang draws correlations between death in childbirth and literacy, average lifespan and yearly income.
The walkers were hoping to raise awareness of the hundreds of thousands of pregnant women in many developing countries who find themselves at as great a risk of death in childbirth in 2010 as women in the UK did 100 years ago.
Angela, 57, pictured left, will be joining an expert team of five British nurses and medics on a mercy mission to the war-ravaged country of Chad, where death in childbirth is a regular outcome of pregnancy.
The fight against Aids has exhausted health services in many poor countries,compounding high rates of death in childbirth, saidThoraya Ahmed Obaid,executive director of the UN Population Fund.
Rather than calling on intercessory saints for succor and relief, Luther advised women to think of their sufferings as "glorious." Death in childbirth was almost as holy as a martyr's death.
When the Baptist church deacon, union man and sanitation worker Walter Russell, along with a co-worker, is crushed to death by a defective garbage truck, his oldest daughter Mae continues to run the household that occupies their shambling North Memphis frame house, just as she has since her mother's death in childbirth. But she also runs the streets at night with other women's husbands.
Dr David Gunnell of Bristol University said: "Height is an indicator of childhood health and nutrition and short stature may have increased the risk of death in childbirth for women."
Irvine Loudon, Death in childbirth. An international study of maternal care and maternal mortality 1800-1950 (Oxford, 1992) 502-507.
Facing imminent death in childbirth, she calls on God to "scrape the memorie" of her sins out of her sight and then to defend her from the "danger of the divell, now readiest to disquiet hir and destroie hir ...