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A genus of solanaceous plants. Several species (Datura arborea, Datura fastuosa, Datura ferox, and Datura sanguinea) are used in Brazil, India, and Peru to produce unconsciousness. The seeds contain hyoscine (scopolamine), an alkaloid with an anticholinergic action similar to that of atropine.


(də-to͝or′ə, -tyo͝or′ə)
Any of several plants of the genus Datura in the nightshade family, having trumpet-shaped flowers up to 25 centimeters (10 inches) long and usually prickly fruits. The leaves and seeds yield alkaloids with narcotic properties. Also called thorn apple.


n See jimsonweed.


a genus of toxic plants in the family Solanaceae; contain tropane alkaloids including hyoscine (scopolamine), hyoscyamine, atropine which cause excitement, restlessness, pupillary dilation, dryness of the oral mucosa. Poisoning in animals is rare and usually results from eating crushed seeds. Includes D. candida (Brugmansia, angel's trumpet), D. ferox (false castor oil plant, thorn apple), D. inoxia, D. leichhardtii, D. metel, D. meteloides, D. sanguinea (Brugmansia sanguinea), D. suaveolens (Brugmansia suaveolens), D. wrightii.
D. stramonium is also reported to cause arthrogryposis in piglets when fed to their dams. Fortunately the plant is very unpalatable. Called also devil's food, devil's trumpet, false castor oil plant, Jamestown lily, Jamestown weed, jimson weed, mad apple, thorn apple.
References in periodicals archive ?
Other plants people tend to ask about include Daturas.
Take Daturas, for instance, where a little pruning can reshape a plant and leave you with several good cuttings which are easy to root, but do wash your hands after handling this plant as all parts, especially the sap, are slightly poisonous.
This will be sorted and stored at the recycling center located 6 Road Daturas Toulouse to be discharged to an approved industry: chain-type energy recovery (heating) or material (for reuse agglomerates).
Datura plant is one of the most important medical plants in the world for its medical importance, either in the traditional or constitutional medicine as a main resource of Tropanealkaloids; in particular hyoscyamine, scopolamine and atropine.
Datura Stramonium seeds in the Biotechnology of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Laboratory in the National commission for Biotechnology were used in these experiments.