Datura


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Related to Datura: Datura stramonium, Brugmansia

Datura

(da-tū'ră),
A genus of solanaceous plants. Several species (Datura arborea, Datura fastuosa, Datura ferox, and Datura sanguinea) are used in Brazil, India, and Peru to produce unconsciousness. The seeds contain hyoscine (scopolamine), an alkaloid with an anticholinergic action similar to that of atropine.
[Hind.]

datura

(də-to͝or′ə, -tyo͝or′ə)
n.
Any of several plants of the genus Datura in the nightshade family, having trumpet-shaped flowers up to 25 centimeters (10 inches) long and usually prickly fruits. The leaves and seeds yield alkaloids with narcotic properties. Also called thorn apple.
References in periodicals archive ?
Datura contains tropane alkaloids such as hyoscine, hyoscyamine and atropine.
However certain species only grow in single pH range; for example Solanum surattense, Datura innoxia growth prevailed only in class pH-1 and Buxus papillosa only grew at pH-4 (Caption: Fig.
El genero Brugmansia, junto con los generos Datura e Hyoscyamus, posee un alto contenido de alcaloides del tropano como escopolamina, hiosciamina y atropina (4,) (8) .
Young and older leaves of six indigenous plants viz., amaltas (Cassia fistula), datura (Datura alba), neem (Azadirachta indica), niazboo (Ocimum basilicum), yellow kaner (Thevetia peruviana) and safeda (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) were collected from Lahore with no pesticide treatments applied.
KEYWORDS: Co-culture, Tomato, Datura stramonium L, intercropping, Alleopathic.
Introduction: Datura stramonium is a wild plant, which grows in almost every region of Turkey and is found in the native flora.
Nine plant part extracts viz.; Kalmegh (Andrographis paniculata) leaf, Neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf, Datura (Datura stramonium) leaf, Nilgiri (Eucalyptus citriodora) leaf, Karange (Pongamia pinnata) leaf, Garlic (Allium sativum) bulb, Jangli tulshi (Hiptis suaveolens) leaf, Kara (Holarrhena antidysenterica) leaf and Onion (Allium cepa) bulb extract with one standard fungicides Hinosan (Ediphenphas) were evaluated in vitro for antimicrobial properties against Pyricularia grisea using poisoned food technique.
Poisonous plants encountered in India include [6] (1) contact irritant poisons-castor, calotropis, croton, glory lily, marking nut, papaya, and red pepper; (2) cardiotoxic glycosides--aconite, autumn crocus, and common oleander; (3) neurotoxic plants--calotropis, cassava, datura, strychnos; (4) hepatotoxic plants--neem; and (5) miscellaneous toxic plants and plant products--areca nut and Cleistanthus collinus.
Datura are potent medicinal members of the Solanaceae family, relatives of other well known strnomium plants Various species of Datura as traditional medicine worldwide, primary among them are Datura innoxia, Datura metel, and Datura stramonium.
Aptly titled "Natura," Erdoy-muE-'s solo show also features a video detailing the meticulous process of creating his works, starting from the collecting of silk tree, datura, lilium and clove leaves from nature, to how they are grouped and dried under special circumstances between the pages of large notebooks, how he uses them on the canvas as elements of his abstract compositions and how he uses the metal oxidation process to create various colors.