where y [member of] [C.sup.Kx1] is the

data vector received by K single antenna users, n is the white Gaussian noise of unit variance, zero mean, and H = [[[H.sup.T.sub.1] [H.sup.T.sub.2] ...

Summary of Notations Notation Description Field x Source

data vector [R.sup.N] [x.sub.i] Source data at node i R [PSI] Orthonormal transform matrix [C.sup.NXN] [theta] Sparse transformed coefficient vector [R.sup.N] [PHI] Compression coefficient /Measurement [R.sup.MXN] matrix [[phi].sub.i,j] Compression coefficient of [x.sub.i] R y Compressed

data vector [R.sup.M] Table 2..

Each of the 113 countries is positioned on the map on the basis of the smallest Euclidian distance between its input

data vector and each of the 108 estimated vectors.

In this paper, heuristically we choose [??] = 0.03 to fix the cut-off value [[psi].sub.k] for detection of outlying

data vector using (18).

This signal is sampled with an equidistant spacing [T.sub.s], so the discrete

data vector2.1: Calculate the distances from each

data vector to the closest element of [chi]c.

The sum of the square magnitude of the elements of difference vector between decoded output vector z and the precomputed

data vector [s.sub.1] is the output [r.sub.1] of PB-1.

In the TDL beamformer, the time-domain

data vectors [{x[n]}.sub.n=0~N-1] are directly weighted by a set of coefficients satisfying certain constraint and optimization problem [18].

If [M'.sub.d] is designed as the number of data symbols of a

data vector component and [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], then the total number of data symbols [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] The modulation impulse is:

The former is considered the phase rotation vector (PRV) length, which shifts, i.e., slides, by a step size along the original

data vector. At each step, an IFFT is performed to determine the PAPR.

As first step, we suppose to know (by measurements or available model/simulation) the field radiated by the failure-free array into M measurement points, thus obtaining a reference

data vector [y.sup.r].

The sample correlation matrix [[??].sub.xx] is computed from the received

data vector x(t) as follows: