darwinism

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darwinism

 [dar´wĭ-nizm]
the theory of evolution stating that change in a species over time is partly the result of a process of natural selection, which enables the species to continually adapt to its changing environment.

darwinism

/dar·win·ism/ (dahr´win-izm) the theory of evolution stating that change in a species over time is partly the result of a process of natural selection, which enables the species to continually adapt to its changing environment.

Darwinism

(där′wĭ-nĭz′əm)
n.
A theory of biological evolution developed by Charles Darwin and others, stating that all species of organisms have developed from other species, primarily through natural selection. Also called Darwinian theory.

Dar′win·ist n.
Dar′win·is′tic adj.

darwinism

The current paradigm of evolution, which holds that cumulative changes in successive generations of organisms—i.e., evolution of species—results from mutation and natural selection of the organisms that are best adapted phenotypically to survive in an environment—i.e., ‘survival of the fittest’

Darwinism

the theory of evolution formulated by Charles DARWIN that holds that different species of plants and animals have arisen by a process of slow and gradual changes over successive generations, brought about by NATURAL SELECTION. The essential points of Darwin's theory are:
  1. in organisms that reproduce sexually there is a wide range of variability, both within and between species.
  2. all living forms have the potential for a rapid rise in numbers, increasing at a geometric rate.
  3. the fact that populations usually remain within a limited size must indicate a ‘struggle for existence’ in which those individuals unsuited to the particular conditions operating at that time are eliminated or fail to breed as successfully as others (see FITNESS).
  4. the struggle for existence results in natural selection that favours the survival of the best-adapted individuals, a process described by Herbert Spencer (1820–93) in his Principles of Biology (1865) as the ‘survival of the fittest’.

darwinism

the theory of evolution according to which higher organisms have been developed from lower ones through the influence of natural selection.
References in periodicals archive ?
By fathering Ego and for having a blissful marriage for those five wonderful years that--courtesy of a wonderful lady--would have gone on to six, seven, and so on had the secrets of his past gay life not been known, to Darwin, he is an accomplished innate Darwinist in sexuality whom the environment has pushed to become gay.
Darwinists now have many websites in which the experts gush about how wonderful Darwinian evolution is and the laymen (invariably less informed than Nagel) gush back about how wonderfully clear the experts have made evolutionary theory to them, dispelling all doubt and rendering the theory obligatory for all clear thinking people, so that only those wedded to a religious fundamentalism could doubt it.
Yet, social Darwinist and neo-Darwinist assumptions continue to hold a place "among the great, sad, epochal insights that we say have made us modern" (107).
When it comes to attitudes toward health and well-being, Adams warns that the Disengaged Darwinists may be on a collision course with the healthcare system.
For readers looking for a creative fusion of science fiction and alternative history, read Leviathan and decide whether the Clankers or the Darwinists have the edge.
In this, then, literary Darwinists find company in that branch of left-leaning cultural studies that views high modernism as an elitist mystification of art and urges instead critical attention to popular forms.
Brian Boyd, the author of On the Origin of Stories (2009), describes fiction as evolutionarily helpful because it is the "way we train our minds for the vital business of social existence" Other Darwinists say that great writers help win the battle of natural selection because fiction extends the range of experience, empathy, emotions, and creativity.
Official Soviet biological doctrine was Lysenkoism, and Russian Darwinists were denounced as "Trotskyite agents of international fascism" and thrown into the Gulag for their scientific sins,
As stated at the beginning of the paper, that Nazi mythology was based on the ideas of racial hygiene that Hitler took from such social Darwinists as Lenz and Francis Galton.
Of particular note is the essay, "No Color Barrier: Italians, Race, and Power in the United States" by Thomas Guglielmo, which describes the classification, by Italian social Darwinists in the late nineteenth century, of Northern Italians as being from Aryan stock and Southerners possessing inferior African blood and how this categorization continued upon arrival in the United States.
By contrast, the reverse analogy of the Social Darwinists, from nature to society, fails.
Both Spencerian and Progressive Darwinists embraced the pseudoscientific distortions about an inherent racial hierarchy.