Darwinism

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darwinism

 [dar´wĭ-nizm]
the theory of evolution stating that change in a species over time is partly the result of a process of natural selection, which enables the species to continually adapt to its changing environment.

Darwinism

(där′wĭ-nĭz′əm)
n.
A theory of biological evolution developed by Charles Darwin and others, stating that all species of organisms have developed from other species, primarily through natural selection. Also called Darwinian theory.

Dar′win·ist n.
Dar′win·is′tic adj.
The current paradigm of evolution, which holds that cumulative changes in successive generations of organisms—i.e., evolution of species—results from mutation and natural selection of the organisms that are best adapted phenotypically to survive in an environment—i.e., ‘survival of the fittest’

Darwinism

the theory of evolution formulated by Charles DARWIN that holds that different species of plants and animals have arisen by a process of slow and gradual changes over successive generations, brought about by NATURAL SELECTION. The essential points of Darwin's theory are:
  1. in organisms that reproduce sexually there is a wide range of variability, both within and between species.
  2. all living forms have the potential for a rapid rise in numbers, increasing at a geometric rate.
  3. the fact that populations usually remain within a limited size must indicate a ‘struggle for existence’ in which those individuals unsuited to the particular conditions operating at that time are eliminated or fail to breed as successfully as others (see FITNESS).
  4. the struggle for existence results in natural selection that favours the survival of the best-adapted individuals, a process described by Herbert Spencer (1820–93) in his Principles of Biology (1865) as the ‘survival of the fittest’.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Darwinist | U*aaU[macron]U*Uaeaeaaae , Fiction , Issue 30 October 2017
No sooner has he established his Darwinist sexual propensity and trait than he complicates it.
Where is the value of human dignity and life in the Darwinist's scheme?
The idea that science and religion clash is a deception on the part of materialists and Darwinists. It is clear that Allah encourages science in many verses of the Holy Quran.
As Bergman concluded above, this type of biological racism "was developed from the theory of eugenics developed by Charles Darwin's cousin, Francis Galton" (164), and was, according to Proctor, taken up later by the German social Darwinist, Fritz Lenz, whose works Hitler read in Landsberg Prison.
Social Darwinist perspectives were also expressed by Thomas Malthus in his 1798 "Essay on the Principle of Population" and in its many subsequent editions.
Hogan's chain of reasoning will win the grudging respect of Darwinist and creationist alike.
Does Sullivan still champion social Darwinist policies that hurt the poor?
316, moreover, Thatcherism is described as the 'best twentieth century representation of a Social Darwinist philosophy'.
95 per cent of people exposed to the hugely popular film trilogy of Lord of the Rings believe that the Missing Link of Darwinist theory is hobbits, that the engulfing of Pompeii was caused by the eruption of Mount Doom and that giant elephants with six tusks crossed the Alps with Hannibal.
That is to say, responsible ID proponents hold that, in the face of this observable complexity of seeming design, the most intellectually credible conclusion is that these organisms did not and could not, in fact, have come about through the blind or mechanistic processes described by Darwinist or neo-Darwinist evolution, but, instead, came about through actual design by some intelligence.