moojeni CoaTx-II Crotalus oreganus abyssus Cr,5 Calloselasma rhodostoma BaTX Bothrops alternatus Cr-IV 1 Calloselasma rhodostoma Ammodytin L Viper a ammodytes Anticoagulant Daboxin P Daboia russelii
russelii frequents grasslands, cultivated fields, saltbush scrubs and the margin of the marshes.
All three snake species included in the present study, i.e., Echis carinatus sochureki, Daboia russelii russelii and Eristicophis macmahoni, belong to the subfamily Viperinae of the Family Viperidae.
These also include Echis carinatus, Daboia russelii and Eristicophis macmahoni, the three taxa of interest in the present study.
Phylogeography of the Russell's viper (Daboia russelii) complex in relation to variation in the colour pattern and symptoms of envenoming was also studied in which fragments of cytochrome b comprising 758 bp were amplified (Thorpe et al., 2007).
Sequence of complete cytochrome b from Russell's viper (Daboia russelii) was included among the cytochrome sequences studied for myriad of Colubroidea (Lawson et al., 2005).
The present study principally comprises the phylogenetic comparison of the three medically important vipers i.e., Echis carinatus sochureki, Daboia russelii russelii and Eristicophis macmahoni based on their molecular studies.
Daboia russelii russelii, Russell's viper is a large, stocky, tan-colored snake, with very distinct, large, black- bordered ocelli on the back and a smaller set laterally.
An open randomised comparative trial of two antivenoms for the treatment of envenoming by Sri Lankan Russell's viper (Daboia russelii
Most of the bites will cause panic reaction, but do not cause envenomation, However, there are few snake species that are venomous and of these four (Big four) namely Russell's viper (Daboia russelii
), common cobra (Naja naja), saw-scaled viper (Echis carinatus) and common krait (Bungarus caeruleus) are highly venomous and believed to be responsible for most of the poisonous bites in India.
Some of the amphibian and reptile species that are found sympatrically with Dendrelaphis tristis in the Margalla Hills National Park include Duttaphrynus stomaticus, Duttaphrynus melanostictus, Hoplobatrachus tigerinus, Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis, Calotes versicolor farooqi, Laudakia agrorensis, Hemidactylus flaviviridis, Hemidactylus brookii, Cyrtopodion scabrum, Eutropis dissimilis, Typhlops porrectus, Boiga trigonata, Psammophis schokari, Ptyas mucosus, Spalerosophis atriceps, Xenochrophis piscator, Bungarus caeruleus, Naja naja, Naja oxiana, Echis carinatus sochureki, and Daboia russelii
After the construction of reservoir, a vast area of rangelands has been inundated, eliminating scrub and thorny vegetations, thereby affecting Indian civet, Bengal fox, Little Indian field mouse, Black francolin, Cyrtopodion scabrum (common tuberculate ground gecko), Psammophis condanarus (Indo -Burmese sand snake) and Daboia russelii
(Russel's chain viper).