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a cytotoxic alkylating agent, used in antineoplastic therapy primarily for treatment of malignant melanoma and in combination chemotherapy for Hodgkin's disease and sarcomas. Unlike other alkylating agents, its primary target is not DNA; its major effect is inhibition of RNA and protein synthesis. Called also DTIC.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.



FDA Box Warning

Give under supervision of physician experienced in cancer chemotherapy.

Hematopoietic depression is most common toxicity; hepatic necrosis has also occurred.

Drug is carcinogenic and teratogenic in animals.

Prescriber must weigh potential benefit against toxicity risk.


Unclear. Thought to inhibit DNA synthesis by acting as purine analog. Also causes alkylation and may interact with sulfhydryl groups.


Injection: 100-mg and 200-mg vials

Indications and dosages

Hodgkin's disease

Adults: 150 mg/m2 I.V. daily for 5 days in combination with other drugs, repeated q 4 weeks. Or 375 mg/m2 I.V. on first day of combination therapy, repeated q 15 days.

Metastatic malignant melanoma

Adults: 2 to 4.5 mg/kg I.V. daily for 10 days, repeated q 4 weeks. Or 250 mg/m2 I.V. daily for 5 days, repeated q 3 weeks.

Off-label uses

• Malignant pheochromocytoma


• Hypersensitivity to drug


Use cautiously in:

• hepatic dysfunction, impaired bone marrow function

• pregnant or breastfeeding patients

• children.


• Follow facility procedures for safe handling, administration, and disposal of chemotherapeutic drugs.

• Reconstitute with sterile water for injection according to manufacturer's directions.

• Further dilute reconstituted drug with 5% dextrose in water or normal saline solution.

Administer over 30 to 60 minutes by I.V. infusion only.

Take steps to prevent extravasation, which may cause tissue damage and severe pain.

Adverse reactions

CNS: malaise, paresthesia

GI: nausea, vomiting, dyspepsia, anorexia

Hematologic: anemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, bone marrow depression

Musculoskeletal: myalgia

Skin: dermatitis, erythematous or urticarial rash, alopecia, flushing, photosensitivity

Others: flulike symptoms, fever, hypersensitivity reactions including anaphylaxis


Drug-diagnostic tests. Platelets, red blood cells, white blood cells: decreased counts

Drug-behaviors. Sun exposure: photosensitivity reaction

Patient monitoring

Frequently monitor CBC with white cell differential and platelet count. Know that hematopoietic depression is the most common toxicity and can be fatal.

• Assess infusion site closely for extravasation.

Patient teaching

Instruct patient to immediately report pain, burning, or swelling at infusion site; numbness in arms or legs; gait changes; respiratory distress; difficulty breathing; rash; or easy bruising or bleeding.

• Advise patient to minimize GI distress by eating small, frequent servings of healthy food and drinking plenty of fluids.

• Tell patient he'll undergo regular blood testing during therapy.

• As appropriate, review all other significant and life-threatening adverse reactions and interactions, especially those related to the tests and behaviors mentioned above.

McGraw-Hill Nurse's Drug Handbook, 7th Ed. Copyright © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved


5-(3,3 dimethyl-l-triazeno)-imidazole-4-carboxamide; abbreviation for dacarbazine.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


See Dacarbazine.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


Dacarbazine, see there.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, KS, 1985, Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC), <http:l lwww.dtic.mil/srchldoc?collection=t3&id=A DA167705>, p.
For the products and services requested, one may pay either by establishing a DTIC deposit account with the National Technical Information Service (NTIS) or by using a VISA, MasterCard, or American Express credit card.
In 2004, DTIC was established as a DoD field activity within the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics and reports directly to DDR&E.
For more information contact DTIC's conference coordinator at 703-767-8236/DSN 427-8236, confinfo@dtic.mil.
Molholm took over DTIC in 1985, the same year I left a long-standing position at a leading federal contractor.
A joint effort of the Office of the Director, Defense Research and Engineering (DDR&E) and DTIC, the Portal is password-protected and provides single sign-on access to a wealth of current and historical DoD research and engineering information.
A joint effort of the Office of the Director, Defense Research & Engineering (DDR & E) and the Defense Technical Information Center, the Portal provides single-sign-on access to current and historical DoD R & E information, including DTIC technical data resources.