Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

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Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM),

(dī'ag-nos'tic stă-tis'ti-kăl man'yū-ăl men'tăl dis-or'dĕrz),
A system of classification, published by the American Psychiatric Association, which divides recognized mental disorders into clearly defined categories based on sets of objective criteria. Representing a majority view (rather than a consensus) of hundreds of contributors and consultants, DSM is widely recognized as a diagnostic standard and widely used for reporting, coding, and statistical purposes.

The first edition (1952), based on the sixth revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-6), was intended to promote uniformity in the naming and reporting of psychiatric disorders. It contained definitions of all named disorders, but no sets of diagnostic criteria. Although its classification of mental disorders showed the influence of freudian psychoanalysis, its nomenclature (for example, depressive reaction, anxiety reaction, schizophrenic reaction) reflected the theories of Adolf Meyer (1866-1950). The second edition (DSM-II, 1968) preserved the psychoanalytic orientation but dropped the "reaction" terminology. The third edition (DSM-III, 1980) abandoned much of the rigidly psychodynamic thinking of the earlier editions and, for the first time, provided explicit diagnostic criteria and introduced a multiaxial system whereby different aspects of a patient's condition could be separately assessed. Briefly stated, the axes are I, clinical disorders; II, personality disorders and mental retardation; III, general medical disorders; IV, psychosocial and environmental stressors; and V, overall level of functioning. A revised version of the third edition (DSM-IIIR, 1987) incorporated improvements and clarifications. The fourth edition (DSM-IV) appeared in May, 1994. It follows its two predecessors closely in general outline, and like them is coordinated with and partly derived from ICD-9. For many observers, the most significant change in DSM-IV is the renaming of the category formerly called Organic Mental Syndromes and Disorders as Delirium, Dementia, and Amnestic and Other Cognitive Disorders, a shift in terminology intended to avoid the implication that mental disorders in other categories are not organic.

Di·ag·nos·tic and Sta·tis·ti·cal Man·u·al of Men·tal Dis·or·ders

(DSM) (dī-ăg-nos'tik stă-tis'ti-kăl man'yū-ăl men'tăl dis-ōr'dĕrz)
An American Psychiatric Association publication that classifies mental illnesses. Currently in its fourth edition (i.e., DSM-IV-TR), the manual provides health care practitioners with a comprehensive system for diagnosing mental illnesses based on specific ideational and behavioral symptoms.

Di·ag·nos·tic and Sta·tis·ti·cal Man·u·al of Men·tal Dis·or·ders

(dī-ăg-nos'tik stă-tis'ti-kăl man'yū-ăl men'tăl dis-ōr'dĕrz)
A system of classification, published by the American Psychiatric Association, which divides recognized mental disorders into clearly defined categories.
References in periodicals archive ?
Panic disorder is one of the six anxiety disorders proposed by the DSM IV TR (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders,4th edition, Text Revision.
DSM IV TR (12) tani olcutleri temel alinarak yapilan psikiyatrik degerlendirmede tani, "Genel Tibbi Duruma Bagli Manik Epizod-varsanilarla giden" olarak belirlendi.
DSM IV TR 2: Ruhsal Bozukluklarin Tanisal ve Sayimsal Elkitabi.
Curiously, however, when we examine the criteria for classifying or diagnosing someone with a paraphilia in DSM IV TR, we find that such distress or disability is required only for some paraphilias but not for all of them.
This problem gets more acute as we move beyond the rather narrow parameters of sexual paraphilias--even given the catch all classification, "Paraphilia not Otherwise Specified" (APA, DSM IV TR, 2000, 576)--to a consideration of all the "sexual disorders" listed in the current DSM.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual III-R 1987, DSM IV 1994, DSM IV TR, 2000 (Washington: APA).
El 33% de las mujeres cumpliria con los criterios diagnosticos del DSM IV TR (APA, 2002) para el TDPM.
Si bien el SPM no es considerado por el DSM IV TR (APA, 2002), este tipo de patologias premenstruales aparecen mencionadas en el DSM III R (APA, 1987), pero recien en el DSM IV TR (APA, 2002) se incorpora el Trastorno Disforico Premenstrual (TDPM) que puede ser considerado como un exacerbacion de los sintomas del SPM en donde se manifiestan severas alteraciones del estado de animo, con depresion, irritabilidad, angustia y marcada labilidad emocional (Bocchino, 2004).
En relacion al numero de sintomas presentados por las mujeres, el 33% cumpliria con los criterios diagnosticos (A y B) propuestos por el DSM IV TR (2002) para el trastorno Disforico Premenstrual.
To our knowledge, in North America DSM IV TR is used for diagnosing adult ADHD.
We had difficulty in diagnosing adult ADHD by using DSM IV TR as well as Wender-Utah criteria.