001, with TIP attendees having the highest average SAT-M and SAT-V scores, followed by QNA and then DNQ students, respectively (see Table 1).
2 However, DNQ parents were significantly less likely to have a graduate degree than the parents of the other two groups, %2(4) = 179.
However, 95% of DNQ students, 93% of QNA students, and 85% of TIP students took the U.
The analytic strategy for the present study highlighted three primary comparisons: DNQ and QNA students were compared to assess the impact of differences in ability whereas TIP and QNA students were compared to assess the impact of differences between students who had attended or not attended a Duke TIP program.
For the ability comparisons, the DNQ and QNA groups were matched on parent education, sex, and ethnicity.
On academic-related activities, QNA students reported spending more time on homework and on using a computer for homework, and being more likely to participate in academic clubs than DNQ students.
29 times as likely to participate in an academic club as DNQ students.
1974: DNQ - third in group behind Poland and England.
1982: DNQ - third in group behind Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia.
1990: DNQ - last in group behind Holland, West Germany and Finland.
1994: DNQ - fourth in group behind Romania, Belgium and Czechoslovakia.